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North East India comprises of eight states namely- Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya. It is bounded by Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh. The region is rich in bio-diversity and untapped raw materials. Thus it has strategic, political and economic significance for India.Even after seven decades of Indian independence, the regions are still remained under developed. Among other reasons like geographical isolation, insurgency in the northeast India has been a major cause for underdevelopment. The problem of insurgency has been prominent here in this region since 1950s and there is no end in sight. Even though some states in the NEI have remained peaceful after ending insurgencies, overall the situation in the region is not conducive to peaceful living and corresponding prosperity. This article covers the genesis of insurgency vis-à-vis socio-economic development in the region, the present day situation and makes some recommendations for future.
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