Psychology and Education Journal <h2><strong>PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION (ISSN: 1553-6939)<br /></strong></h2> <div class="row" style="border: 1px solid grey; padding: 5px; text-align: justify;">Dear Authors and Researchers,<br />We would like to inform you that the U.S. ISSN Center at the Library of Congress has confirmed that the correct ISSN number of the Journal <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> is ISSN 1553-6939. This ISSN is to be used instead of ISSN 0033-3077 which is the ISSN that belongs to the former title, “<strong>Psychology</strong>.” Each time a journal undergoes a major change of title a new ISSN is assigned. <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> also has been assigned a Linking ISSN (ISSN-L). The ISSN-L is available for use when there is a need to identify and link to a continuing resource without regard to format, for example in services such as OpenURL, library catalogues, search engines or knowledge bases. The next issue of <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> will be published with ISSN 1553-6969. But the previous ISSN will be also available in the ISSN Portal to retrieve the record for <strong>Psychology</strong> because it remains the identifier for the former title <strong>Psychology</strong> and the articles published under that title.</div> <div class="row"> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Arts and Languages, Humanities, Social Sciences, Management and Economics, Law and Political Sciences, Sports Sciences, Psychology, Education Sciences, Biological and Medical Sciences, History, Philosophy, Media and Communication, Science and Technology, Engineering.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Psychology and Education</strong> <strong>(ISSN: 1553-6939)</strong> is a quality journal devoted to basic research, theory, and techniques and arts of practice in the general field of psychology and education. <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> is published bimonthly. There are numerous papers on important aspects of psychology and education which can find no place in the professional literature. This journal is dedicated to filling this void.<br />Preparation of manuscripts: In formal aspects, the manuscripts should follow closely the general directions given in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Edition). EXCEPTIONS: All data in photographs, tables, drawings, figures and graphs must be simplified and stated in the RESULTS section of the paper. All papers must be formatted in MSWord, typed, Times New Roman font #12, double-spaced, with 1 inch margins, and submitted electronically or printed manuscript in original copy. Manuscripts must be accompanied by an abstract of about 70-100 words. The manuscript and abstract should conform to the American Psychological Association Manual Style, 6th Edition.<br />Given the present trends in the publishing industry and to reach the global audience without any restrictions, we have opted to move the journal from subscription-based to Gold open access.<br />A shift in this mode has certain benefits:</p> <ul> <li>Increased usage and citation</li> <li>Easy compliance with institutional and funder mandates</li> <li>Retention of copyright by authors</li> <li>Greater public engagement</li> <li>Faster impact</li> </ul> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Psychology and Education</strong>, the Editor, nor the Board of Editors (individually or collectively), assumes no responsibility for statements of fact or opinion in the papers printed. Authors are responsible for obtaining copyright permissions. Advertising rates supplied on request. Books for review should be sent to the Editor.<br />Articles in <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> are listed in PsycINFO, American Psychological Association (APA), Scopus,, and shared with other websites, and numerous gratis copies are mailed to the Library of Congress, EBSCO subscription services, and universities in developing countries overseas.</p> </div> Psychology and Education en-US Psychology and Education Journal 1553-6939 Influence of Online Work on Social Media Relations of Higher Education Teachers before and during COVID-19 pandemic <p>This ex-post facto study was carried out to explore the social media relationships of higher education teachers before and during the unprecedented COVID-19 lock-down. A descriptive survey method was followed to achieve the predetermined objectives. Random sampling technique was used to gather the data from higher education teachers. Researchers’ self-constructed questionnaire (Google Form) was administered on the selected sample. The obtained data was analyzed with the help of frequencies, percentages, Pearson’s chi-square test and Wilcoxon signed-ranks test. The findings revealed that <em>before</em> the COVID-19 lockdown, 59.75% of the higher education teachers were active on social media platform and Whatsapp was the major social media platform as almost three-fourth (75.61%) of them used it. A majority (i.e. 57.32%) of the higher education teachers learnt and applied new soft-wares and ICT tools during the lockdown on the cost of social relationships. Almost one-third (i.e. 32.93%) of them felt that their active participation on social media platforms has reduced in lockdown and they couldn’t spare the time for interaction on social media due to over involvement in online programs during the lock-down. Almost one-fourth (i.e. 24.39%) of them perceived that their closely friends and relatives complaint them regarding their non-availability on social media during COVID-19 lock-down. During the lockdown, the percentage of higher education teachers spending their time up to one hour, two hours and three hours daily on social media platform were 32.93%, 30.49% and 36.58% respectively. This was a significant increase in time devoting social media platforms during the COVID-19 lock-down among higher education teachers. Gender was significantly associated with social media activeness <em>before</em> lockdown and male teachers were found to be more active on social media <em>before</em> the lockdown. No significant Association of Teachers’ Relationships through Social Media with Type of Institution was found before as well as during the lock-down. Also, gender was not associated with Teachers’ Relationships through Social Media during the lock-down. The findings of the study may help to develop an insight to the teachers, social-health workers, psychologists, administrators and policy-makers to strengthen the social relationships by reducing their workloads during such types of exceptional conditions.</p> Prof. Sajid Jamal, Dr. Naushad Husain, Dr. B.L. Meena, Dr. Afaque Nadeem Khan Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 61 4 1 26 Emile Durkheim’s Anomia to Social Alienation - Analytical Study . <p>The research paper discuses social phenomenon considered as one of the challenges that face modern societies. The emerging phenomenon is called social alienation. The latter means the emergence of social practices and behaviors that are radically paradoxical whether to the society system values or religious beliefs and practices.</p> Kaltoum Messaoudi , Souad Benguega , Khaoula Nachi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-20 2024-04-20 61 4 27 40 The Hidden Figures and Scholars in the Field of Astronomy and Stars in the Region of Wadi M’zab, Algeria <p>Our research addresses the topic of unknown and obscure astronomers and scholars in the field of astronomy and stars in the region of Wadi M'zab, Algeria.<br>We were able to identify them thanks to their manuscripts found in the rich local archives, or through mention of their names in various sources and references.<br>The luminaries of astronomy in the Wadi M'zab region are numerous, some of whom are well-known for their preaching and guidance, or in mosques. However, the distinctive feature of our research is the mention of public figures who excelled in the field of astronomy, and their added value lies in the fact that some of them are not well-known, while others were known for their knowledge of astronomy but did not leave behind any known writings. Additionally, some of the local and unknown compositions are likely attributed to anonymous authors from the same region. It is worth noting that this unique list is not found in any of the well-known or printed indexes, and we are pleased to highlight it for existence and public awareness, thus adding a piece of cultural and intellectual heritage to the rich history of Algeria.</p> Bouaroua Bakir , Salah Wanes , Mahdadi Mohamed Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-20 2024-04-20 61 4 41 55 Psychological resilience in people with chronic diseases and their projective outcomes (descriptive and clinical study) <p>This study aims to investigate psychological resilience in individuals with chronic illnesses and to explore the levels of psychological resilience in individuals with chronic illnesses. In addition, it investigates projective outcomes in individuals with chronic illness who exhibit low psychological hardiness. The study adopts a descriptive and clinical approach and is conducted on a sample of 30 cases, including one case of an individual with chronic illness and low psychological hardiness. The sample was purposively selected based on interviews and observations. The research instruments used include the Psychological Hardiness Scale developed by Makhmir (2002) and the Rorschach test to examine projective outcomes in the case. The results of the study indicate that individuals with chronic illness have low levels of psychological hardiness and exhibit a range of projective outcomes.</p> DR. CHALABI ABDELHAFID Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-20 2024-04-20 61 4 56 72 Double values in Western society Between the Corona pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine war <p>The end of 2019 came different from all other years, as humanity knew the spread of the Corona virus, which changed our view of the world, changed its features as well, and struck its false morals. Western civilization, in its first real test, collapsed its values that it advocated, as it took care of its true citizens only, and rejected others in a clear racist precedent that fueled all the slogans of equality and justice. This invisible virus alone was not enough to expose the values of Western society,but rather the Russian-Ukrainian war (2022) came to put in our hands the reality of these societies, their organizations and bodies, and the falsity of their values and principles, through their duplicity in dealing with the event. This research paper came to clarify, or rather reveal to us, the double values of Western society, as soon as crises emerge, whether they are environmental health(Corona virus), or humanitarian (the Russian-Ukrainian war). What is the fate of avoiding the falsehood of these values, and trying to get out of the circle of fear of repercussions and influences?</p> Dr. Houria Benkaddour Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-20 2024-04-20 61 4 73 84 Study a nd Assessment of Workplace Ergonomics in Manufacturing Industry <p>This study delves into the critical aspect of workplace ergonomics within the manufacturing industry. Ergonomics, the science of designing environments and tools to fit human capabilities and limitations, plays a pivotal role in enhancing worker health, safety, and productivity. In the context of the manufacturing sector, where workers are often exposed to physically demanding tasks and repetitive motions, optimizing ergonomics is paramount.<br>Furthermore, this research endeavours to quantify the economic impact of ergonomic improvements by examining factors such as reduced absenteeism, increased productivity, and healthcare cost savings. By employing both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, including surveys, ergonomic assessments, and financial analyses, this study aims to provide a holistic understanding of the significance of workplace ergonomics in the manufacturing sector.<br>The findings of this study are expected to offer valuable insights to manufacturing industry stakeholders, including employers, policymakers, and occupational health professionals, facilitating evidence-based decision-making and resource allocation towards creating safer, healthier, and more efficient work environments. Ultimately, by prioritizing ergonomic principles, manufacturing organizations can foster a culture of safety and well-being while simultaneously enhancing operational performance and competitiveness in the global market</p> Bindhu A S, Rajath R Rao Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-20 2024-04-20 61 4 85 94 ANALYZING CYBERCRIMES IN URBAN SETTINGS: A CASE STUDY OF BISKRA CITY <p>The objective of this research paper is to elucidate the notion of electronic crimes, encompassing offenses perpetrated against individuals through the Internet, and to delineate their distinguishing features along with prevalent types prevalent in the city of Biskra. To accomplish this, existing studies on the subject were consulted, and a descriptive methodology was adopted for this investigation. Based on statistical data reflecting the incidence of Internet-related crimes in Biskra from 2019 to 2021, it was determined that the most common types of such crimes involve infringements upon individuals' privacy, followed closely by instances of threats and defamation. Subsequently, several recommendations have been formulated. These include the necessity for conducting further studies into this category of crime, exploring the demographics and motivations of perpetrators, and understanding their nationalities and age groups. Such endeavors aim to empower relevant authorities to devise effective security measures and legislative frameworks aimed at mitigating or addressing the impact of these crimes on urban society.</p> Ahlam Chenag Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-21 2024-04-21 61 4 95 108