Psychology and Education Journal 2023-10-01T01:31:26+00:00 Open Journal Systems <h2><strong>PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION (ISSN: 1553-6939)<br /></strong></h2> <div class="row" style="border: 1px solid grey; padding: 5px; text-align: justify;">Dear Authors and Researchers,<br />We would like to inform you that the U.S. ISSN Center at the Library of Congress has confirmed that the correct ISSN number of the Journal <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> is ISSN 1553-6939. This ISSN is to be used instead of ISSN 0033-3077 which is the ISSN that belongs to the former title, “<strong>Psychology</strong>.” Each time a journal undergoes a major change of title a new ISSN is assigned. <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> also has been assigned a Linking ISSN (ISSN-L). The ISSN-L is available for use when there is a need to identify and link to a continuing resource without regard to format, for example in services such as OpenURL, library catalogues, search engines or knowledge bases. The next issue of <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> will be published with ISSN 1553-6969. But the previous ISSN will be also available in the ISSN Portal to retrieve the record for <strong>Psychology</strong> because it remains the identifier for the former title <strong>Psychology</strong> and the articles published under that title.</div> <div class="row"> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Arts and Languages, Humanities, Social Sciences, Management and Economics, Law and Political Sciences, Sports Sciences, Psychology, Education Sciences, Biological and Medical Sciences, History, Philosophy, Media and Communication, Science and Technology, Engineering.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Psychology and Education</strong> <strong>(ISSN: 1553-6939)</strong> is a quality journal devoted to basic research, theory, and techniques and arts of practice in the general field of psychology and education. <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> is published bimonthly. There are numerous papers on important aspects of psychology and education which can find no place in the professional literature. This journal is dedicated to filling this void.<br />Preparation of manuscripts: In formal aspects, the manuscripts should follow closely the general directions given in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Edition). EXCEPTIONS: All data in photographs, tables, drawings, figures and graphs must be simplified and stated in the RESULTS section of the paper. All papers must be formatted in MSWord, typed, Times New Roman font #12, double-spaced, with 1 inch margins, and submitted electronically or printed manuscript in original copy. Manuscripts must be accompanied by an abstract of about 70-100 words. The manuscript and abstract should conform to the American Psychological Association Manual Style, 6th Edition.<br />Given the present trends in the publishing industry and to reach the global audience without any restrictions, we have opted to move the journal from subscription-based to Gold open access.<br />A shift in this mode has certain benefits:</p> <ul> <li>Increased usage and citation</li> <li>Easy compliance with institutional and funder mandates</li> <li>Retention of copyright by authors</li> <li>Greater public engagement</li> <li>Faster impact</li> </ul> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Psychology and Education</strong>, the Editor, nor the Board of Editors (individually or collectively), assumes no responsibility for statements of fact or opinion in the papers printed. Authors are responsible for obtaining copyright permissions. Advertising rates supplied on request. Books for review should be sent to the Editor.<br />Articles in <strong>Psychology and Education</strong> are listed in PsycINFO, American Psychological Association (APA), Scopus,, and shared with other websites, and numerous gratis copies are mailed to the Library of Congress, EBSCO subscription services, and universities in developing countries overseas.</p> </div> Hermeneutics between the epistemological foundation and the ontological foundation 2023-03-20T07:57:08+00:00 Laroussi Nadia <p>This article aims to shed light on the hermeneutic project of both Wilhelm Dilthey and Hans Gadamer, and to clarify the most important common things between them, Hermeneutics has its roots in the depths of the ancient past, and it has passed through multiple phases through the successive stages of history, and its concept differed from one stage to another and according to the different starting points of philosophers.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; What is worth mentioning in this regard is that interpretation according to Dilthey is considered a basic and effective approach to get out of the method crisis in the humanities and rise to the science class, and to refute any metaphysical vision in understanding the human phenomenon that is inseparable from man.&nbsp;&nbsp; Gadamer was seeking to establish a universal interpretive philosophy, which includes an explicit call for the universality of interpretive practice through language as the home of existence and the mediator for the interaction of the ego with the other, which means that its essence is dialogue and not collision between various civilizations and cultures.</p> 2023-03-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Cultural diversity and non-violence Content analysis for the first year of the civic education textbook 2023-03-20T08:00:20+00:00 Elmahi Leyla, Benkhira Mohammed Elamin <p class="Normal1" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman','serif';">The aim of this study is to shed light on the axis marked by multiculturalism and its role in establishing a culture of peace, for the first-year intermediate civic education textbook, from the standpoint that the school and the textbook are the basic base for building culture and behavior in general for the student.</span></p> <p class="Normal1" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman','serif';">As the school is among the most important institutions of socialization that contribute to the development and development of the mental faculty of the individual as well as the acquisition of knowledge, it also helps him in the correct social integration in accordance with recognized social values.</span></p> <p class="Normal1" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman','serif';">In this study, we also relied on the content analysis technique of the aforementioned axis, through units and categories that achieve the objectives set in the school program on the one hand, in addition to the most important international principles aimed at consolidating a culture of peace and coexistence on the other hand.</span></p> 2023-03-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 German orientalists’ perspectives on issues of pre-Islamic poetry - imaginary and imagination 2023-03-29T11:38:58+00:00 Dr. Samia Kaaelkef <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Scholars from diverse groups, ideologies, and languages focused on pre-Islamic poetry, studied and critiqued it, then utilized its various issues as a starting point for numerous Arab and Western research. This latter group made a concerted effort to examine this legacy, and as a result, two perspectives emerged: one is in favor of its existence, and the other is opposed to it.</p> <p>The German Orientalist School, which focused on the study of pre-Islamic poetry, is one of these tendencies. While some of their research supported the existence of classical Arabic poetry, others cast doubt on it. Due to its significance for understanding and investigating our heritage, we will attempt to present and critique the many viewpoints in order to highlight the characteristics of German Orientalism and its perspective on the problems with Arabic literature. Its significance also comes from highlighting the fundamental contrast between the Arabs' perspective on our heritage and other people's attitudes about it.</p> 2023-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ego dialectic, the other between the linguistic lesson and the psychological depth 2023-03-29T11:42:27+00:00 Dr. Kamel Benalia, Dr. Yahia Zarga <p>Since language and literature cannot be detached from the psychological aspect, and we will not exaggerate if we say that it is the translation and expression of that sentence of feelings, emotions, impulses, and psychological impulses inherent in the human soul, it is not surprising that this close and deep-rooted relationship has been the focus of attention, study, and research of psychological or linguistic researchers, in order to reach these hidden links between the different souls and within them, and between their expressions and pronunciations, Through this we can uncover the secrets of the human self by deciphering symbolism and analyzing the psychological depth behind its writings and writings in its linguistic and literary heritage in general, So our research paper under the title " Ego dialectic, the other between the linguistic lesson and the psychological depth" It's a modest contribution to showing this relationship, and enriching the psychological linguistic studies that build, and address the problems of our reality Biscecolinguism, through an analytical reading of the official and popular texts.</p> 2023-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The problem of achieving economic stability by examining the relationship between the three: inflation, unemployment, and economic growth 2023-03-29T11:44:26+00:00 Mahfoud Handaoui, Fairouz Cherayett <p>This study aimed to identify the relationship between inflation, unemployment and economic growth in Algeria during the period 1991-2019, by addressing some of the previous studies, using the descriptive method in addition to the experimental method in measuring this relationship using the VAR methodology, and The study concluded that there is a direct, significant, causal relationship between the variables of the study in the Algerian economy during the period 1991 - 2019 that contribute to achieving a balance that translates economic stability in the country through increasing growth rates and reducing both unemployment and inflation, in addition to the absence of a joint integration relationship between them.</p> 2023-03-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Visual Intelligence and its Relationship to Cognitive Preference in Science Among Intermediate School Students 2023-04-05T04:56:22+00:00 Zaid Shaheed Al-Aboudi <p>The objective of this study is to identify the level of visual intelligence and its relationship to cognitive preference in science among intermediate school students. The current research was limited to a sample consisting of (150) in the governmental day schools affiliated to the Directorate of Education of Diwaniyah from the morning study. for the academic year (2022-2023), they were deliberately selected, and based on a proportional distribution. The researcher used the descriptive correlational research method, and to achieve the goals of the research, the researcher prepared two tools, the first tool (visual intelligence test), which in its final form consists of (15) items of the type (multiple choice) with three alternatives, The apparent validity and validity of the content were verified, and the difficulty coefficient, the discrimination coefficient, and the effectiveness of the alternatives for the objective items were extracted, and the stability of the test items was found using the internal consistency method (alpha-Cronbach coefficient). It reached (0.80), and the second tool (cognitive preference scale), which in its final form consists of (18) items distributed equally with three alternatives (always-sometimes-rarely) on the domains, namely:</p> <p>The capacity for retention, meaning, linking, derivation, synthesis, the property of multiple modes of cognitive representation, and its apparent validity and constructive validity were verified, and the discriminatory powers of its paragraphs, and its stability was calculated using the internal consistency method (alpha-Cronbach coefficient), as the stability coefficient reached (0.77), The psychometric properties of the paragraphs of the two scales were confirmed to be ready for the final application, and the statistical bag for social sciences (SPSS) was used in data processing, and the research found a correlation between visual intelligence and cognitive preference</p> 2023-04-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Design a test to measure the perception of children aged 3 to 4 years 2023-04-17T09:30:09+00:00 Boulasnam karima, Prof. Dr.Rakza Samira <p>Cognition is a psychological process that contributes to the meaning and significance of objects, people, and situations that an individual deals with by organizing, interpreting, and formulating sensory stimuli in meaningful ways. The researcher envisaged building a test to measure and evaluate the cognitive process in children (03–04 years old) that was valid in the local environment and would be a tool for the specialists to appropriately diagnose cognitive disorders and problems in children. Furthermore, to provide an Algerian measuring tool, geared to the Algerian environment, while acknowledging the scarcity of the scientific field in this field and the use of this tool by specialists in the diagnosis and assessment of the cognitive side of children to ensure more efficient use. Building a comprehensive and reliable scale of assessment of cognitive function in a child&nbsp; (03 to 04 years). Is based on a sound approach, and the reliability and reliability of the contents of the results make it a reliable tool that would be an addition to the Algerian researcher and specialist. The test was applied to 90 cases of kindergarten children in Blida</p> 2023-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The duality of physical activity and air pollution; What is the effect of air pollution on practitioners' health? 2023-04-17T09:34:01+00:00 Mourad Hadj Ahmed, Mohamed Bougherbi <p>Many governments, organization, such as the World Health Organization, and scientists, are working on planning to raise the level of public health, and to combat many diseases that raise the death rate, by reducing the negative effects of air pollution, and increasing the level of physical activity that improves physical fitness and prevents many chronic non-communicable diseases. According to the current literature, researchers faced a dilemma related to physical activity during air pollution: "Does air pollution negate the benefits of physical activity?" The researchers differed in answering this question, but the majority indicated that air pollution does not negate the health benefits of physical activity, which prompted us to prepare this research paper to look at this dilemma by knowing physical activity, air pollution, and then linking physical activity during air pollution.</p> 2023-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The effect of sports digital communication on the most important emotional determinants and some female students' volleyball skills 2023-04-26T16:44:59+00:00 Lec. Zamn Turki Hashem , Assist. Lec. Rana Hussein Abdel-Sada , Assist. Prof. Dr. Ayman Hani Al-Jubouri <p>The purpose of this paper is to preparing a curriculum according to digital mathematical communication, and identifying the effect of sports digital communication on the most important emotional determinants and some female students' volleyball skills. The experimental approach was used in the experimental design of one experimental group (experimental). The research community was determined on (16) female students from the fourth stage in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the University of Kufa for the academic year 2022-2023, (5) female students were chosen to conduct the exploratory experiment on them, and a whole community was chosen to apply the main experiment. One of the most important results reached by the researcher is that : Use of the curriculum according to a sports digital communication program had a positive impact on the most important emotional determinants and some female students' volleyball skills ,and use of the curriculum according to a program for sports digital communication is better than the used method that affected the emotional determinants and some of the students' volleyball skills. One of the most important recommendations recommended by the researchers is that&nbsp; : Adopting the curriculum according to a sports digital communication program because of its positive impact on the most important emotional determinants and some female students’ volleyball skills.</p> 2023-04-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Computational thinking according to sensory modeling among university students 2023-05-08T04:00:13+00:00 Ahmed hamzah kadhim atei AL fatlawi <p>The current research aims to identify: -</p> <p>Computational thinking according to sensory modeling among university students. To achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher followed the descriptive approach. This required the provision of two research tools, the first to measure computer thinking and the second to measure sensory modeling. The researcher verified their validity after presenting them to a group of arbitrators. The researcher selected ( 378 ) male and female students appointed for the research and used the following statistical means: (Pearson correlation coefficient, excellence equation, t-test for two independent samples and the researcher reached several results:</p> <p>- University students (research sample) have a level of computational thinking.</p> <p>- The university students (the research sample) have a level of sensory modeling.</p> <p>Based on these results, the researcher came up with a number of&nbsp; conclusions, recommendations and proposals .</p> 2023-05-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Physical activity among women - a comparative study- 2023-05-08T04:19:25+00:00 Dr.Nacerbey Karima, Dr.Makhlouf Hasna, Dr.Guezgouz Fatah, Dr.Boudissa Lamia, Dr.Bellila Zakarya, Phd.Baghdadi Mohamed, Phd.Farah Khaled <p>This study aimed to identify women’s physical activity level and compare it according to several variables by following a descriptive approach. and involving 114 women.&nbsp; A Questionnaire of physical activity level of El houzaa 2014 was used to collect data. The results showed that women are not active enough. The comparative results proved that there are statistically significant differences in the activity level in terms of health status, age, income and job. In light of these results, the researchers recommend the need to provide places for exercise in line with Algerian society values ​​and principles, raising women’s awareness about the need of <a href="">practicing sport and avoiding inactivity, women’s awareness of the importance of physical and sport activity in general because of its benefits on physical and psychological health.</a></p> 2023-05-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The relationship of government spending to economic growth in Algeria during the period 1967-2021 - The validity of Keynes' hypothesis or Wagner's law 2023-05-08T04:26:01+00:00 Hacene Bouamra, Noura Boualleg, Bouamra Ahmed, Brahem Ismail <p>The study aimed to test the extent and knowledge of the direction and nature of the relationship between government spending and economic growth in Algeria during the period between 1967-2021, and thus to test the extent to which the relationship corresponds to Wagner's law on the one hand or Keynes' hypothesis on the other hand. The cointegration test was relied upon to reveal the existence of a cointegration relationship between the variables of the study, and the Todayamamoto causation was used to determine the direction of the relationship between government spending and economic growth in Algeria and which of them causes the other to occur. The results of the Johanson test showed that there is a long-term equilibrium relationship between government spending and economic growth during the period studied, the results of the Toda-Yamamoto causality test (TYDL) also indicated that there is a reciprocal causal relationship between government spending and economic growth in Algeria. In other words, government spending causes economic growth, and vice versa, and this confirms that both Wagner's law and Keynes' hypothesis are valid for studying the relationship between government spending and economic growth in Algeria during the period 1967-2021.</p> 2023-05-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Linguistic stylistics and the question of method 2023-05-08T04:31:26+00:00 Khadir Abderrahman, Nourelhouda Bekai <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This article examines the methodological and epistemological relationship between stylistics as a critical theory, and linguistics as a linguistic theory, trying to elucidate the conceptual relationship that unites them, on one hand, their cognitive interaction under the guise of interdependence, on the other hand, their methodological difference under the cover of specialization. This article also attempts to explore the two disciplines in depth by discussing linguistic stylistics and its scope in contemporary linguistic and critical studies</p> 2023-05-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Strategic diagnosis of Almarai Company 2023-05-08T04:36:14+00:00 Fairouz Chine,Selami Khadidja, Noual Chine,Messaoudi Tahar,Trifa Mohamed <p>This study aimed to the strategic diagnosis of Almarai Company, as one of the leading companies in the food products industry. We have used the swot model of analysis, focusing on job analysis and Porter's five competitive forces model has been relied on, to identify opportunities that the organization can exploit and threats that should be avoided compared to competitors. The company's and competitor’s website were used to collect data as well as some electronic articles and annual report. We concluded that Almarai practice a vertical diversification and integration strategy as well as an acquisition strategy to increase the size of the company and provide ways to ensure the supply of raw materials and marketing products.</p> 2023-05-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The effect of special exercises for a proposed device in improving some bio-kinetic variables and learning the performance of the Arabic jump skill on the floor mat device in artistic gymnastics for female students 2023-05-10T05:41:51+00:00 Assist. Prof. Dr. Wael Abbas Abdulhussein , Lec. Dr. Muntadher Mohammed Ali ,Zahraa Salah Abd Ali <p>Using a proposed device to learn the skill of the Arabic jump on the floor movement carpet device in artistic gymnastics.</p> <p><strong>The search problem:</strong> Through the presence of researchers as two teachers Observers of this sport in the gymnastics hall noticed that there is a difficulty in the students’ performance of the skill of the Arabic jump on the device . The rug of the earth's movements, according to the opinion of the researchers The reason for this is that skills are taught with the lack of assistive devices, as well as the lack of use of these devices in exercises according to bio variables. Kinematic, although it facilitates the learning process for these skills and works to shorten the time and effort in the learning process and enables the removal of difficulties encountered by the students during performance and helps in the process of diagnosing that performance as well as the use of devices increases the learner's desire and appetite for learning and enjoyment during performance . To study this problem through preparing special exercises using a proposed device to work on overcoming these difficulties and eliminating the weaknesses of the students while providing time and effort .</p> 2023-05-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Narrative Techniques in Al-Maqqari Al-Tilmisani 's Nafh al-Tib min Ghusn al-Andalus al-Ratib 2023-05-13T05:24:31+00:00 Mahdi Ali Mohamed <p><em>The present paper deals with&nbsp; one of the most important Islamic &nbsp;writers , Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad Al-Maqqari&nbsp; Al-Tilmisani and his&nbsp; narrative techniques used in his book &nbsp;Nafh al-Tib min Ghusn al-Andalus al-Ratib and Thaker Waserha Lasan Al Deen&nbsp; Bin Al Khateeb&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; .&nbsp; Nafh al-Tib min Ghusn al-Andalus al-Ratib&nbsp;&nbsp; is a book by a historian of a unique type&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; who sought&nbsp; to depict &nbsp;&nbsp;Andalusian &nbsp;&nbsp;culture as a unique culture&nbsp; .</em> <em>Al-Muqari divided his book into sections and sub-sections&nbsp; compatible with each other . He divided it into two main sections: the first concerns Andalusia and its news, and it has eight sub -sections . While&nbsp; the second section allocated it to introduce Lisan Al-Din Ibn Al-Khatib&nbsp; his&nbsp; news and the conditions of the scholars who touched on their mention. The paper comes to&nbsp; focus on the historical narratives as used as special technique in this book .&nbsp;&nbsp; In this book ,&nbsp;&nbsp; Al-Maqqari&nbsp; put his print in&nbsp; everywhere&nbsp; by&nbsp; giving a speech and&nbsp; lessons fill up with prophetic hadith , literature, history, biography, geography and translations . Al-Maqqari&nbsp; remained among the defenders of the Arabs and their culture and civilization, dedicated his life effort in defending the Arab legacy . He remained&nbsp;&nbsp; immigrant&nbsp; to trace knowledge&nbsp; until he passed away in 1041 Ah 1632 AD in Egypt, leaving behind many&nbsp; legacy&nbsp; in&nbsp; different fields .&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> 2023-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Role of Dating Violence victimization in depressive symptoms and PTSD among young females: A multivariate Approach 2023-05-22T02:47:46+00:00 Damanjit Sandhu, Mohd Ayub, & Kirandeep Kaur <p>The present study aims to find the effect of dating violence victimization on depressive symptoms and PTSD symptoms among young females. A sample of females with age range 19 – 26 years from various universities of Punjab was selected using purposive sampling. Dating Violence Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory and Impact of Events Revised Scale were applied to this sample and only 194 females who scored at least 1 to dating violence questionnaire were included in sample. Using median split, two groups (high/low) were formed based on dating violence. Results showed positive correlation among dating violence, depression and PTSD symptoms. Further MANOVA results indicate that females higher on dating violence victimization have more depressive symptoms and PTSD symptoms as compared to low dating victimization. Limitations and further suggestions were discussed regarding present study.</p> 2023-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 How to Get an Effective School: The Roles of Principal Leadership, Professional Teacher Behavior, and Student Learning Practices 2023-05-22T03:04:26+00:00 Enjang Sudarman, Sri Wahyuningsih; Bambang Nurakhim; Sigit Priyono <p>The purpose of this study was to examine various factors of the principal's role in the development of teacher professional behavior in relation to student learning practices that predict on achieving an effective school. A stratified random sampling procedure was used to obtain 165 respondents from junior and senior high school teachers from a population of 9215 teachers. Using multiple regression and Exploratory Factorial Analysis to analyze the data with the help of SPSS. The results showed that the leadership role of the principal, the professional behavior of the teacher and student learning practices predicted effective school. There was a pattern showing that the role of the principal at the high school level was more effective than that of the junior high school. Further findings show that there are a number of significant latent structures for effective school in three dimensions and 12 sub-dimensions of the development of effective school modes. The school effectiveness model through this research provides useful information and is applied to policies to improve the quality of education.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 STATUS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ALIVE EDUCATION UNDER THE DEPED CURRICULUM IN SELECTED ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF PIKIT 2023-05-26T05:41:55+00:00 Najieva S. Ibrahim, Guiaria S. Daud , Bai Dinah A. Sema , Meldred O. Baguio-Sorbito , Norhana P. Maguid , Jojo K. Guialel , Fauziyah S. Daud , Datuali S. Acob , Rahmia M. Meto , and Ruben I. Tilican <p>Educational system in the Philippines has undergone changes overtime, in the context of its educational planning, implementation and the <br>structure and content of its curriculum. Philippine is a multicultural archipelago which means that it is composed of diverse culture, to cater <br>inclusive education, educational stakeholders and institutions has all the motivation to provide quality and inclusive education through <br>different programs. The Department of Education initiatives to build communication as well as giving importance of cultural sensitivity, <br>Arabic Language and Islamic Values Education (ALIVE) program was established. ALIVE education was implemented and integrated to <br>DepEd curriculum which allows opportunities to both ALIVE Asatidz and Muslim students to both have the venue to western education <br>and cultural education. It is mechanism of providing education to the unreached children that is meaningful, relevant and culture sensitive <br>for Muslim societies (Nene Astudilla C. Godoy, et. al. 2008). Arabic Language and Islamic Values Education (ALIVE) program is one of <br>the avenues for peacebuilding between Muslims and Christians. National united people in the Philippines and intercultural solidarity are <br>the main objectives to keep country in peaceful life. The inclusion of ALIVE program in the public system has started in 2005 (Juliet <br>Sannad 2015).</p> 2023-05-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Toilet Training: A Supplementary Recommendation 2023-05-27T07:53:20+00:00 Louis G. Lippman <p>A brief note recommending a tactic to supplement practices taught in toilet training. It should prove effective <br>for children and developmentally disabled persons who have satisfactory manual dexterity, as well as people of all <br>ages. It presents a tactic for wiping following bowel movement that would be helpful for a variety of behavior <br>trainers, their clients, as well as the general public. It would also benefit the environment (reduced paper and water <br>waste).</p> 2023-05-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Analysis of fertility trends in the state of Batna 1987-2008 using indirect estimates 2023-05-29T04:05:19+00:00 Walid Khassam, Elamraoui Salah Eddine <p>Fertility is one of the thorny issues due to the large number of committees that have convened and dissolved and did not reach radical solutions, which worries officials due to their social, security, economic, and political repercussions on our society.</p> <p>This paper came to identify and evaluate the various previous demographic literature of studies and interventions, and the multiple attempts it contained to understand and study the contents of the fertility phenomenon, its nature and implications, and to monitor the problems associated with it, the importance of this study lies in monitoring population fertility in Algeria, specifically in the state of Batna, and its social and economic dimensions<em>,</em> ( <strong>There may be effects if the burden of population growth eases, but how that will happen remains unclear Economists and population analysts </strong><a href=""><strong>don't</strong></a> <a href=""><strong>fully</strong></a><strong> understand how the social, economic and cultural consequences will end).</strong></p> <p>To enable population policymakers and practitioners to have a more in-depth and detailed understanding of the dimensions and implications of this issue (<strong>as the population ages and the group of young workers decreases, some analysts are concerned about economic growth).</strong></p> <p>The element of fertility represents the main part of the population issue, so the focus is on this element and follow-up changes in it and monitoring and evaluating the features of the population situation in human societies, and the study concluded that the issue of population fertility, is ultimately only a behavioral issue characterized by its extreme variations and the overlap of factors affecting it, and the multiplicity of interpretations that it addresses,</p> <p>Therefore, the study and understanding of the conditions that dictated the formation of its features "population fertility", will contribute to enabling students to explain this phenomenon, identify the factors associated with it, and develop and crystallize appropriate population policies to deal with it.</p> 2023-05-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Forms of Folklore south Algeria Hoggar Touareg as a sample 2023-05-29T04:11:42+00:00 Benramdane Fairouz <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This paper deals with the folklore South Algeria and its forms of expression used there, considered as cultural expressions and social practices common to a large group of individuals. The features of folklore are manifested through customs, traditions, values, arts, crafts, skills, and various popular knowledge produced by society, and formulated through its long experiences. This knowledge is used among them in a spontaneous manner, and they adhere to it in their behavior and dealings as Distinctive cultural patterns that link the present with the past, and link the individual to his community</p> 2023-05-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Manifestations of the implicit reader in the collection of the "Awakening of the clouds" by Abdullah Al-Ashi 2023-05-29T04:18:27+00:00 Aichaoui Nawal, Agha Aicha, Hakkoum Meriem <p>This research paper aims to approach the aspects of the implicit reader's manifestations in the collection of the awakening of the clouds by Abdullah Al-Ashi, by touching on some of the textual signs that moved in the text to illuminate it and guide the reader in his reading and interpretive path, as well as opening the text to the spaciousness and multiplicity of reading and interpretation, as shown by those Signs are a phenomenon adopted by the text to reveal a certain intent and to attract the reader and involve him in the production and enrichment of meaning. In this study, I relied on the reading strategy from Weiser's perspective, which assumes the presence of the implicit reader as a pre-position in the text that would direct the real reader to explore the depths of the text and discover its secrets.</p> 2023-05-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Barghawata, a new vision of its history 2023-05-29T04:21:38+00:00 Khedidja Chenaa <p>The aim of historical studies is not only a contribution to the discovery of humanity's past, but rather an aid in identifying how a person can integrate his multiple past into his permanent present and move towards the future. Therefore, studying the thought of the Barghawata state is an attempt to understand ourselves, and perhaps the best of what has been said about The topic is what the historian Mark Block answered his son to the question: Father, to what does history serve? To answer him, let’s understand.</p> <p>Therefore, in order to understand it, it is necessary for us to reconsider its thought within the series of events that led to its establishment, as we do not deny that the Barghawata state and its controversial thought have been dealt with by several historians and thinkers from the historical and epistemological side, and most of them agreed that it lasted for a long time and it was able to include a large alliance of several Amazigh tribes, and this rarely happens in the history of the Amazigh community. Therefore, the reason for its establishment and its separation from the centralization of the Umayyad state is mainly due to the Caliphate’s eagerness based on sanctifying the Arab element at the expense of the rest of the elements, and away from the interpretations of its deviation from the teachings of the Islamic religion, as it was considered a factor that confronts Arabization, not Islamization</p> 2023-05-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Family values in ancient Egyptian thought 2023-06-01T06:46:14+00:00 Soumia Chahbi, Belkacem Rahmani <p>Values are related to the civilized structure of society by reflecting the prevailing culture, they are based on the criteria that make the act right or wrong, &nbsp;accordingly, this study highlights the features and characteristics of ancient Egyptian family values.</p> <p>One of the most important things we have reached is that the ancient Egyptian based on determining family values on the theory of reward and punishment in the court of Osruris, &nbsp;as well as a set of wise teachings and advice besides the authority of society, he saw the need to dye values with a religious character, otherwise, one would be misled by surrendering to desires. so he receives his worldly reward in his second life after death. This</p> <p>resulted in the orientation of the values of the ancient Egyptian family to virtuous moral standards, which had a great impact on the maturity of ancient Egyptian thought.</p> 2023-05-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Drug abuse and addiction in Algerian society: causes and effects 2023-06-01T06:52:46+00:00 Mohamed Ferdjani, Djemoui Belarbi <p>The problem of drug abuse and addiction is one of the complex problems facing societies at present because of its bad and negative effects on individuals, families, and society, accordingly, the current research derives its importance from the youth stage importance due to its essential role in construction, development, and civilizational progress, otherwise, it may be a destructive force that threatens the stability, security, and development of society if it was related to drug abuse and addiction. This is what we touched on in our search by highlighting the most common reasons for Drugs abuse, their addiction, and their effects among Algerian youth</p> 2023-05-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The construction of the Muslim problem in France: Socio-historical study 2023-06-01T06:56:05+00:00 Benali Rabah <p>In this article we want to know how the Muslim question which has become central in the representations of public opinion. We now postulate that television as a means of information has played an essential role in the construction of the Muslim problem in France through the media coverage of this question, thus arousing political and academic debates. Our approach captures the Muslim problem as the product of a social fabrication aimed at concealing the real problems of French society by shifting the debate from economic subjects to cultural and identity subjects.</p> 2023-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The impact of economic diplomacy on trade openness using gravity models: Case study of some African countries 2023-06-01T06:59:20+00:00 HOUADJI GHANIA, BENYABA MOHAMMED <p>This study aimed to determine the effects of the diplomatic representation of each of Algeria on the African continent, as well as the diplomatic representation of African countries in Algeria, on the volume of trade exchanges between the latter during the period (2007-2021), This is based on the Panel Data in the standard estimation and modeling process. The study found that the diplomatic representation of the African countries in Algeria had a positive impact on the volume of trade openness of the national economy and with a high elasticity exceeding the value of 0.25%, meaning that the diplomacy of the African economy contributed positively to influencing the trade exchange of its countries with Algeria, While the opposite result was reached with regard to the Algerian economic diplomacy, which had a negative impact on the rates of trade openness in Algeria, meaning that the Algerian diplomacy did not perform the role required of it with regard to enhancing cooperation and trade integration between Algeria and the countries of the African continent.</p> 2023-05-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The trans-diagnostic current in pathological psychology alternative to nosography classifications and therapeutic prospects-Towards a contextual functional view of mental disorders 2023-06-05T00:35:46+00:00 Naima Ait Guenissaid, Hanane Guehiri <p>Parallel to the emergence of the third wave of cognitive behavioral therapies, a new trend emerged in the field of interpretation and diagnosis of mental disorders calling for the need to stop conceiving suffering and psychological difficulties as symptoms of the disease, and therefore must move away from categorical diagnoses of the type of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).</p> <p>The stream of transitory diagnosis, or as it is called the psychological contexts model in psychopathology, takes into account the formulation of the individual psychological interpretation, so it is a matter of examining the different types of psychological contexts (cognitive, emotional, motivational, relational and identity) and trying to integrate them into a coherent interpretation, which also leads To determine as much as possible the biological role and social and situational factors. Such a person-centered approach makes it possible to approach the dynamics of rational psychological functioning in all its complexity and in its unique expression.</p> 2023-06-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Identity and Integration Challenges Facing Muslim Immigrants in the West: France as a model 2023-06-07T02:46:29+00:00 Boukrou Nacer <p>The issue of identity and integration of Muslim immigrants in Western countries is one of the most difficult challenges facing Western governments. Muslim immigrants face several difficulties in integrating into new societies due to differences in their customs and ways of life, especially as Western societies have become more rigid towards Arab and Islamic cultures and traditions.</p> <p>This article attempts to approach the issue of identity as one of the fundamental and sensitive dimensions of any self-sustaining society that maintains its specificities. This is done by focusing on the idea of cultural and religious identity as representing the basic foundation for resilience and confronting the challenges of assimilation into other cultures, which possess a particular strength that can impose itself on contemporary life on many levels.</p> 2023-06-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The impact of sustainable tourism in preserving the urban heritage in the city of Biskra 2023-06-08T09:42:12+00:00 MEKIHEL Khadidja <p>This study seeks to know the reality of the process of attracting tourists to Biskra, taking the architectural and urban identity as a tool for that, and its role in the tourism industry and activating the attraction of tourists. The shape and development of cities in general, and desert cities in particular, helps greatly in understanding the phenomenon of architectural mediocrity and the disappearance of the features of the original cities, and the search for solutions to restore the aesthetic image with its own architectural and urban features, which would make it preserve its identity and its cultural and historical affiliation, and thus development Heritage tourism is one of the most important tributaries of tourism, and heritage elements are considered among the most important elements of tourist attractions, which has become known as heritage tourism. Tourists The research reached a set of results, the most important of which is that there is a relationship against statistical significance between heritage tourism and its role in the tourism industry and activating the process of attracting tourists. The study recommended a set of recommendations.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The interest in restoring archaeological sites in Algeria has a major role in attracting tourists and activating the tourism process towards archaeological sites in giving more attention to the activities and heritage festivals that are held in historical sites, because of its great role in attracting tourists from activating the tourism process</p> 2023-06-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The relationship of the school environment with the educational return of the educational institution -a field study in Batna primary schools 2023-06-08T09:44:52+00:00 Dr. Mebrouk Meriem , Dr.Benkherrour Khireddine <p>The objective of this field study was to investigate the relationship between the school environment and the educational return of the educational institution from the point of view of teachers and managers. The study sample consisted of 238 teachers and directors, to whom a two-part questionnaire was applied: (management of the school environment and educational returns)</p> <p>The following conclusions were reached:</p> <p>The level of management of the school environment in primary schools from the point of view of principals and teachers has been moderate.</p> <p>The level of school earnings in the school environment is moderate.</p> <p>The value of the relationship between the two variables: the management of the school environment and the educational dividend has reached the field of study (0.35).</p> 2023-06-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Legal protection of livestock in Algerian law 2023-06-08T09:48:13+00:00 Imane Labassia Chettih <p>The protection of biodiversity from the risk of abuse and exploitation is a thorny topic that has resonated in the international community and domestic legislation as it is necessary in the process of environmental and natural balance ", especially in the era of globalization and biotechnology, which would naturally lead to an imbalance in the ecological balance process in the absence of legal controls, Livestock in all its varieties is one of the most attractive areas of this lasting development through the exploitation to which it may be subjected by legitimate or illegal means, such as the exploitation of poaching leading to extinction or any sabotage of these fauna, which has led the international community to conclude many international conventions, including Algerian legislation, in order to preserve such livestock</p> 2023-06-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Importance Of Physical Fitness In Reducing Obesity 2023-06-08T09:50:52+00:00 Demdoum Hammou, Bouzahar Mohamed Lakhdar <p>we aim through this study to identify the effects of physical activities in reducing obesity spreading which is one of this century diseases. obesity level had already increased in lots of industrial countries, and now it's making his way to developing countries as reports from&nbsp; health world organization indicates and&nbsp; warn this spreading of obesity and the importance of taking measure against it . physical activities as known are not&nbsp; specialized for a group of members or a unique gender. the fact is&nbsp; it's a human need for it's cure and rehabilitation for membres, and what we want to know for this subject is how physical activity can help reduce obesity level?</p> 2023-06-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Psychological adjustment of the hearing-impaired child through family drawing: a differential study between integrated and non-integrated children 2023-06-08T18:18:11+00:00 Brahimi Souad , Zaabta Sirine Hadjer <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This research paper aimed to study the psychological adjustment among the hearing-impaired child through his drawings, by conducting a differential study of integrated cases and non-integrated cases of hearing-impaired children in the city of Laghouat. The interview and the family drawing test were used to investigate the variables of the study. After presenting and analyzing the results, it was concluded that the integrated hearing impaired showed more psychological adjustment than the non-integrated hearing impaired</p> 2023-06-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The relational reality between Islamic and Western civilization Reading in the vision of Abi al-Hasan al-Nadawi 2023-06-10T17:28:59+00:00 Dr. Diafi Noureddine, Dr. Chalabi Nabila <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The content of this study revolves around the nature of the relationship established by the vision of the Islamic thinker Abi al-Hasan al-Nadawi. Both of them were presented in a fair, critical spirit that did not contain bias or falsification, and thus presented the reality of the crises that Western civilization suffers from, despite its possession of the means of material strength. With a correct approach that seeks to include the human family, united by human elements, and whose members live in the shade of justice and equality, and reject all corruption and injustice.</p> 2023-06-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Unveilling the interpretation of opinion 2023-06-10T17:32:36+00:00 Ghoraf Kouider <p>This study deals with interpreting quran with view and this was one of the consepts which needs to lighten in islamic studies. the aim of this article is to display that there are two kinds of interpreting with view one is accepting where as the second is rejecting</p> 2023-06-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The effect of high-intensity interval training on the strength of speed and the performance of the shooting skill from the advancement of handball 2023-06-10T17:34:35+00:00 Laidani Hakim, Saidi Amine <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study aims to show the Interval Training on muscular strength and shooting skills to upgrade the sport of Handball, and that is to rely on an experimental study where the researcher chose the “collective group” method, which was conducted on a sample of 17 players from the Sports’ Associa ion of the municipality of El-Kaderia which competes in the Bouira Handball State League. And after practicing the Plyometric Training exercises and collecting the before and after data for the explosive power and briskness of the legs and overhead shooting, the researcher analyzed this data statistically using arithmetic means, standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient, and T-test using two correlated samples, then it was concluded that Interval Training develops the briskness of&nbsp; legs and arms and therefore enhances overhead shooting skills, and because of that, it is recommended to urge coaches to use the Interval Training method due to its importance in developing the physical and technical aspects, and refraining from the traditional methods used currently in training, and insuring the necessity to correlate between some physical and also kinetic skills and the performance of different techniques in Handball, and to include the aforementioned methods due to their importance in multiple techniques.</p> 2023-06-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Curriculum plans and their impact on developing competencies and achieving educational quality. An applied study on the teaching of Islamic education for the first stage primary students 2023-06-10T17:37:06+00:00 Dr. Maidi Abderrahmane, Dr. Ounnassa Hamdi <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study aims to read about the reality of the methods of teaching Islamic education to the students of the first stage of primary school, in a reading of the curricula and contents and what is required for teaching the material for this course, starting from the teaching methodology to the extent to which goals and competencies are achieved and what is required for that in the horizons by linking it to the Islamic sciences curricula that do not Nobody doubts the existence of a positive effect in enhancing educational competencies and improving the quality of education, especially in the same subject; And in an attempt to strengthen the shortcomings and address the educational problems faced by the learner and the teacher in the primary school in Algeria, especially for non-specialists in Islamic sciences who are entrusted with the subject of Islamic education during the phases of primary education, or who are not studying it in the first place, who do not fully understand the philosophy of the subject, its objectives and teaching curricula. Its various contents as disciplines within an existing field and has its own fields and curricula.</p> 2023-06-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Social media and rumors: Mechanisms and confrontation in the Corona crisis 2023-06-11T03:05:03+00:00 Dr. Saida Abbasse <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This paper examined the recent online rumor associated with the coronavirus crisis, and how it was able to spread more sharply with the possibilities offered by social media sites, as its promoters relied on the exploitation and adaptation of these sites to achieve their goals, in the absence of censorship and social and legal responsibility.</p> <p>Electronic propaganda as news that may carry a lot of false and fraudulent anonymity is spreading confusion, chaos and sedition. Facebook's most widely used site in the COVID-19 crisis has found more space and fertile space to spread.</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Harga in Algeria: from merits to evolution Burning phenomenon in Algeria 2023-06-11T14:35:28+00:00 Moussaoui Fatima Nabila <p>Algeria moved from a transit area for illegal immigrants to a country of source for illegal immigrants, because its history witnessed waves of migration from its lands towards the north, especially to France during and after the liberation revolution, but the new face as a country of source for immigrants remains an outsider to its history in its relationship with countries In the North, these illegal immigrants, or as the term Harga is known, are illegal immigrants</p> <p>Their massive emergence coincided with a set of changes that occurred in the social, political and economic field. The security slips and the low standard of living for the individual led to a social crisis that did not find an echo on the political level. This blockage strongly contributed to the formation of this category of society that believes only in burning, especially since the The desired reception provides these harragas, according to their view, with incentives that were absent in their home country.</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Enlightenment of Ibn Rushd from Islamic to Latin context 2023-06-11T14:39:35+00:00 khirallah Souhila, Ahmed Zighmi <p>This study seeks to contribute to the cultural and civilizational debate of the Dialogue (Orient/Occident), as elaborated in the writings of those concerned with the problems of the relationship between current knowledge, scientific achievement and philosophy, in the Arab-Islamic cultural heritage of Andalusia. Especially after the research into this relationship became promising, given the role played by the translation of Ibn Rushd's literature in enriching the rational culture in Europe. This is through his extensive explanations, on a number of Aristotle essays, as his annotations on the famous L essay, and what he called the great explanation on the book “About Soul” by Aristot.</p> 2023-06-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The poetics of the contemporary Algerian poem and the stakes of renewal - the poems of AZZEDIN Mihoubi as a model - 2023-06-12T02:41:40+00:00 Phd. Boukabous Rima, Dr. Bourahla MAlika, Dr.Bouzid Mouloud <p><strong>&nbsp; </strong><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong>The experience of the poet "Azzedine Mihoubi" is the subject of our study, in which we dealt with: "Poetry and Poetry - Term and Concept", the contemporary Algerian poem and the performance structure, intersection or continuity?, the poetic rhythm in the contemporary Algerian poem, the intersection of symbol and myth in the contemporary Algerian poem, poetics and horizons The content renewal in the contemporary Algerian poem, and the study led to the fact that the rhythm is consistent with the psychological states of the poet, where calm prevailed over emotional topics and whispered voices abounded in them, while the themes of enthusiasm were dominated by voiced voices to fit with the strong and noisy impact, as well as fertile and rich connotations for the dictionary. Linguistically, through the diversity of contents, the Algerian poem achieved rare poetry, as it represented the pinnacle of artistic maturity, as it provided aesthetic and expressive value through its rhythmic structure, the ability of the poet to renew in meter and rhyme, and diversify in the forms of the poem, in addition to the internal rhythm created by the repetition of sounds and vocabulary. And dense poetic structures and images, in addition to the adoption of emotional and political themes by Algerian poets.<strong>&nbsp; </strong></p> 2023-06-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Internet addiction among university students -A field study at the University of Lounici Ali Blida 2- 2023-06-12T02:48:49+00:00 Lehama Houria، Saadi Samia <p>This article aims to present a field study that aims for a set of objectives, namely measuring the level of Internet addiction among university students and knowing the nature of differences in their Internet addiction level according to gender and scientific specialization. &nbsp;Therefore, the descriptive approach, which is considered the most appropriate for such studies, was adopted on a sample of (200) university students, male and female, by applying the measure of addiction to the Internet among university students by the researcher Muhammad Ahmed Shaheen (2015), and therefore the results of the study revealed that there is a medium level of addiction to The Internet among university students, and there are statistically significant differences in the level of Internet addiction among university students due to the variable of gender and scientific specialization</p> 2023-06-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The impact of financial inclusion on economic development in Arab countries 2023-06-12T02:53:37+00:00 Benyaba Mohammed, Mostefaoui Sofiane, Bouchentouf Moulay Mostapha, Mohammed Benabderrahmane <p>This study aimed to measure the impact of financial inclusion on economic growth in a sample of Arab countries during the period from 2011 to 2017. Due to the nature of the data used in the study, which represents a combination of time series and cross-sectional data, panel models (pooled model, fixed effects model, and random effects model) were employed and compared to determine the most efficient and statistically significant model for economic analysis. Additionally, a multivariate statistical analysis technique, namely cluster analysis, was adopted to study and discuss the status of financial inclusion and the variations among Arab countries in this regard.</p> 2023-06-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The historical hero in Algerian children's literature Critical perspective 2023-06-14T06:19:09+00:00 PHD, Mehadi Mounir <p>The historical reference is one of the most important references on which literature in general and childhood literature in particular, with its diversity in events and personalities, and the educational value it carries rooted in time, where the character of the historical hero plays a pivotal role in making and crystallizing the exemplary image of the Algerian child, especially as it It is closely related to its distant and near past, which instills in itself a love of the homeland and a love of everything related to this homeland. There is no doubt that the employment of the historical hero in children's literature did not take a single appearance, and this is due to the different purposes for which he was employed, so this intervention seeks to trace the transformations of the presence of the historical hero in Algerian children's literature through some literature in this field.</p> 2023-06-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The authority of the Algerian state to expel foreigners residing within its territory 2023-06-14T06:23:10+00:00 Amina Rahaoui <p>The Algerian government possesses the right to expel foreigners residing within its territory if there are valid grounds for deportation, resulting in a series of legal implications. To ensure the legitimacy of such decisions, the Algerian legislature offers foreigners a set of guarantees to challenge deportation orders, which may encompass both administrative and judicial measures, guided by principles of humanitarian treatment</p> 2023-06-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Quality of life for diabetic patients 2023-06-19T04:15:54+00:00 Dr.BELFILALI LOUBNA <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The aim of this study is to identify life quality of diabetic patients and the differences attributed to the gender, educational level and type of diabetes. The sample of the study consisted of 55 diabetic patients: (20) female and (35) male. To achieve the objectives of the study we relied on the descriptive method and used the word health organization quality of life scale. Results of this study revealed a difference significant statically between the dimensions (health, physical, social….), male and female, educational level in the quality of life for diabetic patient.&nbsp; And no difference in the quality of life due to the diabetes type</p> 2023-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Impact of Compensations and Insurance Premiums on the Financial Solvency of Insurance Companies Using Dynamic Panel Models -A Case Study of Algerian Insurance Companies- 2023-06-19T04:21:37+00:00 Razzougui Youssef, Benlaria Mohammed, Ould Bahammou Samir <p>This study aimed to measure the impact of both compensations and insurance premiums on the financial solvency of a sample of insurance companies operating in Algeria during the period from 2012 to 2020. Dynamic panel models were employed to measure the effect of explanatory variables on financial solvency in both the long and short terms using the Pooled Mean Group Method (PMG) approach.</p> 2023-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The openness of the historical approach to the levels of Quranic knowledge_ Any addition? _ 2023-06-19T04:23:41+00:00 Billel Boussena <p>The study presents another unusual proposal, according to our estimation, on the issue of the historical method and the issue of its development in the human fields. The development of the latter depends on the development of the researcher’s cognitive level, and since the Holy Qur’an is a comprehensive divine book, it deals with human cognitive levels, starting with the sensory level, then the mental level, up to the heart level, the latter being absent in human studies due to Western biases that recognize the sensory level and deny everything that is unseen. Or my God, and this is what made us think, as much as possible, to return the research methodology in general, the historical method in particular, to the Holy Qur’an, and to think about developing it to a level that makes it more effective than it was</p> 2023-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Asymmetric Impact of Oil Price Fluctuations on the Economic Diversification Index in Algeria during the Period (1996-2019) 2023-06-19T04:30:10+00:00 Ben Abderrahmane Abdessamed, Dahhou Mohammed, Akabli Abdelkader <p>This study aimed to measure the asymmetric impact of fluctuations in oil prices on the economic diversification index in Algeria during the period (1996-2019), based on nonlinear time gap autoregression models (NARDL) where the index was adopted. As a dependent variable explained by both positive and negative shocks in oil prices.</p> <p>The study found that there is a positive impact of positive values in oil prices on the economic diversification index in the short term corrupt, while the decline in oil prices leads to a decline in the economic diversification index in the short term with higher flexibility than that recorded as a result of high oil prices, while the economic diversification index responds only positively to the decline in oil prices in the long term, while the rise in oil prices has not had any impact on the economic diversification of Algeria in the term. Long</p> 2023-06-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Corruption and internatitnal efforts to combat corruption 2023-06-20T04:18:04+00:00 Dr.Fatima Zohra Gramez <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study aims at identifying the corruption and efforts of a group of countries in the fight against corruption and the methods and procedures of combating it in each country and what are the different treaties, commitments and international organizations that are working to combat this dangerous phenomenon which affect the economies of countries and their security and stability. We have addressed the concept of corruption, its manifestations, causes, effects and mechanisms in a number of countries, as well as various treaties and obligations among States to combat this dangerous phenomenon. We have finally come up with a set of recommendations to root out this phenomenon through a variety of methods and procedures.&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The rule of filling pretexts in the matters of Masyar's marriage and compensation for arbitrary 2023-06-20T04:25:50+00:00 Rabah Lahoues, Dr. Noureddine Nannech <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study aims at identifying the corruption and efforts of a group of countries in the fight against corruption and the methods and procedures of combating it in each country and what are the different treaties, commitments and international organizations that are working to combat this dangerous phenomenon which affect the economies of countries and their security and stability. We have addressed the concept of corruption, its manifestations, causes, effects and mechanisms in a number of countries, as well as various treaties and obligations among States to combat this dangerous phenomenon. We have finally come up with a set of recommendations to root out this phenomenon through a variety of methods and procedures.&nbsp;</p> 2023-06-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Bergsonian Personality Between the Metaphysics of the Self and the Psychology of Speech 2023-06-21T01:49:19+00:00 Dr. Mostefai Abdelkader <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This article presents a thorough analysis and concise description of the personality of Henri Louis Bergson, the veteran French philosopher who introduced a unique philosophy that is neither Kantian nor Cartesian but, in general, constructs a new concept of metaphysical realism that transcends extreme materialistic scientific perspectives. The core of Bergsonian personality revolves around the notion of pure duration, based on the profound sense of intuition. Its focal point is the human being who possesses the essence of vital freedom. Bergson, for those unfamiliar with his complete works, sought to comprehend existence through the spontaneity of spiritual experience inseparable from the struggles and realities of life. His books and writings, characterized by an encyclopedic tendency, represent a blend of evolutionary metaphysics, functionalistic esthetics, psycho-sociological perspectives, and mystical insights in his final days</p> 2023-06-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Educational strategies for caring for students with learning difficulties 2023-06-21T04:12:15+00:00 Zougaie Mounia, Chali khayra, Bahmed oussama <p>Facing the challenges in the educational system and education and delving into the midst of the Algerian school must delve into its problems and distinguish them.&nbsp;Among these problems are learning difficulties, both of which are circulating among some students, and the resulting problems that affect in one way or another, first the student himself, then the teacher, as well as the school and the future of society. &nbsp;Therefore, plans and studies must be developed on this phenomenon, which has been circulating among students, due to several reasons.&nbsp;Therefore, the concerned bodies must take the necessary measures to protect students from this phenomenon, through well-studied procedures and laws based on purposeful scientific educational foundations, including the attempt to integrate Education for pupils with learning difficulties in regular departments after they were subjected to educational strategies.&nbsp;Accordingly, we will try in this research paper to clarify educational teaching strategies for the care of people with learning difficulties</p> 2023-06-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Manuscript "Ahdá al-Muhdī fi Takhmīs Lāmīyat Ibn al-Wardī" by Shaykh Yūsuf al-Maghribī (d. 1019 AH) -Introduction and Investigation 2023-06-24T11:10:50+00:00 Abdelghani nasri , abdelhak khelifi <p>This is a manuscript investigation: "Ahdá al-Muhdī fi Takhmīs Lāmīyat Ibn al-Wardī" to Sheikh Yusuf al-Maghribi who died in 1019 AH, who made a Takhmis of the famous poem in the poetry of wisdom and asceticism composed by Sheikh Abu Hafs Omar Ibn al-Wardi, who died in 749 AH, and he added to it a conclusion by praying for the Prophet- Peace be upon him- and his honorable companions. and the most important benefit that came out of this research is to take this work out of the world of manuscript to printed.</p> 2023-06-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Investigating the Cultural Elements in the English Textbooks Used in the International Schools in Turkey 2023-06-30T06:37:30+00:00 Ayat Khalaf Maftool <p>The sociocultural theory, which portrays learning as a social activity, and the idea that culture and language are inextricably linked have contributed to the recent increase in prominence and focus on integrating culture in ELT, notably in EFL textbooks. In the twenty-first century of globalization, English has become more significant as a worldwide language and lingua franca. As a result, new directions in ELT have emerged, like enhancing intercultural competency. Since 2012, Iraq has adopted the "English for Iraq" (EFI) series of textbooks which seem to lack orientation towards intercultural competence. This paper aims to determine how the intercultural materials of EFI textbooks are presented and whether they develop Iraqi learners' intercultural competence. A descriptive content analysis is used to assess the texts and images in the three textbooks used in intermediate schools, based on an adaptation of Byram's (1997) paradigm. This study will also investigate whether there is sufficient information about Turkey and Turkish culture regarding the location of these international schools. Suppose it is understood that there is no information available. In that case, suggestions will be made to review the English Iraqi textbook series used in private international schools in Turkey in this matter. Results demonstrate that intercultural elements in textbooks exhibit sharp disparities in the frequency of their occurrences, presenting an unbalanced intercultural presentation with a knowledge-oriented majority of primarily fact-stating items. The study also reveals that While these texts do not enhance the intercultural competency of Iraqi EFL students, the research has pedagogical ramifications concerning reviewing the inclusion of culture in Iraqi EFL textbooks to keep up with current trends and ELT objectives to foster students' tolerance, empathy, and respect for difference.</p> 2023-03-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Self Representations and Manifestations of Heroism in The Narrative of Al Sira Al Hilaliya 2023-07-10T13:37:47+00:00 Meriem Zennour <p>The popular biography is a unique text that is open to different literary geners and different cultural formats, thanks to its formative structure and stylistic characteristics, it has been able to comprehend much of the details of the life of the arab human being, So, it has conveyed to us a full picture of scenes and visions that honestly reflected the features of his life, his view on life and the nature of his interaction with ideas and situations.</p> 2023-07-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Introducing administrative development 2023-07-12T11:42:44+00:00 Dr. Riad Hamid Tayes <p>All countries seek to achieve progress and prosperity in various fields, and many countries have confirmed that the way to achieve this is to pay attention to the administrative aspect because it is the basis for success in all fields. Administrative development, its characteristics and importance, as well as approaches to its development. Therefore, we will divide our research into two sections, the first showing the nature and types of administrative development, and the second the entrances to administrative development.</p> 2023-07-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Improving the visibility of conference proceedings by characterizing scientific event data using the Semantic Web 2023-07-18T05:12:07+00:00 Abderazek Bousmina, Kamel Battouche <p>While semantic web technologies have facilitated search and discovery, the problem of visualizing conference proceedings on the web still faces a series of challenges, the most important of which is the lack of a fully accepted, unified ontology that can be used to characterize scientific demonstration data. Therefore, the aim of the research was to find a web ontology to define the concepts and vocabulary that would allow us to describe the data in the field of scientific demonstrations, so that this data can be published in the form of linked data on the web and made available for reading, understanding and processing by the machine; the process of building automated conference management systems that use this data was facilitated; the ontology was edited using the protege tool, and the study eventually reached a number of results, most notably: identifying data in the field of scientific demonstrations, describing them and giving them a meaning the machine can interpret. An anthology was built that includes the necessary vocabulary to describe data related to scientific demonstrations. The ontology includes a set of classes and properties, and each class and property is provided with a brief description, to facilitate the reuse. And the ability to publish data related to scientific events in the form of linked data, with the aim of improving the visibility of conference proceedings on the web</p> 2023-07-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Psychological assessment of a schizophrenia case using the Rorschach comprehensive system 2023-07-18T05:28:57+00:00 Katiba Bouchicha <p>Schizophrenia is a mental&nbsp; disorder&nbsp; or disease basically diagnosed by a psychiatrist, however,&nbsp; psychologists could be requested for a psychological assessment , in this case the use of the Rorschach comprehensive system allows a fine evaluation of various psychological, and cognitive processes such as information processing, and emotional processes including stress management and relational processes within self-perception and perception of relationships,&nbsp; it allows&nbsp; also to establish a diagnosis in order to spot the overall psychological functioning of the subject.</p> <p>This simultaneous reading of the various clinical signs expressed and identified through the clinical mental examination and the psychological examination, allows to identify the disorder under its multiple aspects and to define the best therapeutic approach that suits the patient</p> 2023-07-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Paradox phenomenon genealogy 2023-07-19T01:15:22+00:00 Abdelhadi Djameleddin, Abed bensahnoun <p>The study intends to delve into the roots of the phenomenon of paradox genetically, as it has become a matter of serious interest in the propositions of all sciences and intellectual currents. It occupies a pivotal position in the modern theorization of everything. Where more than one discipline devotes itself it, and more than one school deals with it, on top of which are the philosophical schools and the various contemporary literary schools. The limit of confusion, difference, discrepancy, and contradiction, or the limit of conflict and conflict between peoples whose sects and sects are diverse, which is to make finding a specific and accurate definition of it close to impossible. Due to its long forked history; It is like an entity whose parts were torn apart in the horizons without agreement, and it was distributed among scientists, mathematicians, philosophers, linguists, and others who dealt with it, each with its own specialization. And they developed it so that it has meaning and intent in every context in which it appears, and this is what made it vary according to the space and the level in which it is located. In order to reach this, we will adopt a conceptual, inductive, statistical and analytical approach, in order to finally clarify the roots and extensions of this phenomenon</p> 2023-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 EFFECT OF DROUGHT ON WATER RESOURCES IN THE SEMI-ARID REGIONS OF ALGERIA. CASE OF THE BASIN OF THE HIGH PLATEAUS OF CONSTANTINE 2023-07-20T06:15:40+00:00 Boublat Younes <p>Algeria is one of the most countries likely to be affected by drought, which is typically caused by the effects of climate change. Studies showed that drought periods might become more frequent due to climate change, which threatens wealth, whereas the lack of strategies muddles water and policies to mitigate their negative impacts on water resources. Since Algeria is experiencing increased demand for this critical substance, it is also experiencing scarcity and depletion of its water resources because of a variety of human and natural factors, particularly the drought caused by low rainfall rates. This article aims to show how drought affects water resources in the basin of the high Plateaus of Constantine by using the rainfall measurement index (SPI). The basin is known for being in a semi-arid climate and having natural features like a widening of the drought circle in both space and time, which leads to a decrease in its potential and water resources.</p> 2023-07-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AUTOMATIC NUMBER PLATE RECOGNITION SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION USING OPTICAL CHARACTER RECOGNITION 2023-07-20T06:54:40+00:00 DR. S. RAJ KUMAR, AMBAKANTI LASYA, BATTINI HARSHITHA, BEJJORA GANGA, JYOTHICHETTI RAVALI <p>The increased security concerns in hotels, government facilities and business buildings require identifying entering vehicles and controlling access to these facilities. The platform is automated with license plate recognition based on images of vehicles. However, in situations where standardized plates are not used, image-based recognition. License plate, police and background deformation. Traditionally human beings do this job, and gate keepers need to stay alert for long hours, check vehicles entering to the facility and manually keep data about those cars. This tedious and inefficient process demands excessive energy from security personnel and creates inconveniences and possibly security loophole in these premises. To overcome these shortcomings, this work proposes a prototype design for an automatic gate access controlling system which scans the vehicle plate numbers using a camera and optical recognition algorithm and compares it with the records stored in the database to decide whether to allow the car or not.</p> 2023-07-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 HUMAN ACTION RECOGNITION USING DEEP LEARNING AND OPENCV 2023-07-20T07:05:19+00:00 M.RAMARAO, AITHA HARSHITHA, BUJJI GEETHIKA, C VAISHNAVI, BOYA RENUKA <p>With the rise of terrorist round the world, human identification research has become a asked for area of research. Unlike standard biometric recognition techniques, gait recognition may be a non-intrusive technique. Both data collection and classification processes are often avoided a subject’s cooperation. During this work, we proposed a replacement model-based gait recognition technique called postured based gait recognition. The datasets are obtained by analyzing the freestyle walk of a private and that we have trained a machine learning model with these datasets so as to predict who the individual is. By storing the model we will successfully predict who a personal is by giving a picture or video as input. The proposed system performs well for varying class sizes and may help implementing a reliable security closedcircuit television.</p> 2023-07-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The conditional, the comparison and the modalisation as linguistic processes, for a pragmatic analysis of A quoi rêvent les loups by Mohammed Moulesshoul 2023-07-22T03:56:16+00:00 Dr. Hassani Rima Aida <p>Our article is part of the analysis of discourse and more precisely an analysis specific to literary discourse. Our objective is to detect the sources and the linguistic processes which convey the plurality of voices, in order to achieve our polyphonic goal we appeal to the Scandinavian theory of linguistic polyphony, the latter will allow us to emphasize the different processes. polyphonic which act and interact from their linguistic construction to generate polyphony. The results of our analysis show that the conditional, the comparison and the modalization are the main polyphonic processes used by the author to tint his work with a pluri-interpretative character.</p> 2023-07-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Family Functioning in Psychosis 2023-07-22T04:01:49+00:00 Ismahan Bekhouche, Moukhtar Bouteldja <p>This study examines the relationship between family functioning, functional psychoses, and the emergence of schizophrenia in individuals. The FAT test was used to diagnose the case and determine the family functioning of a schizophrenic patient, including boundaries, interactions, and alliances within the family system. The main objective of this research is to address the following question: Does family functioning play a role in the development of schizophrenia in individuals? Based on the study's findings, it can be concluded that family functioning does indeed contribute to the emergence of schizophrenia, with a significant impact and influence on this relationship.</p> 2023-07-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The psychological wellbeing of the old adults: comparative study between the residents and non-residents in the nursing house 2023-07-28T04:30:06+00:00 DJEFFAL Meriem,BOUDIA Leila <p>This paper tackles the differences regarding the psychological wellbeing between the old adults residing in the nursing houses and those who reside with their families. In this context, the psychological wellbeing includes the psychological health and the absence of psychological troubles. In so doing, we relied on the descriptive method and used the Personal Wellbeing Index on a sample of 15 old adults who had been chosen on purpose from the nursing house in Ain el Assel (Taref) and 15 old adults living with their families. Our findings show that there are differences regarding the psychological wellbeing between the old adults residing in the nursing houses and those residing with their families.</p> 2023-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Badiaa from verbal embellishment to persuasiveness- Al-Bashir Al ibrahimi as a model - 2023-07-28T13:05:11+00:00 Dr.zoubirBouzaghou <p>In ancient Arabic rhetoric, badiaa relates to the external formulation of discourse, and has nothing to do with its Persuasive methods, and with the advent of the new rhetoric, this view changed and became known as basic pragmatic functions within the text, In order to know these functions, in this research we will study some of the articles of Al-Bashir Al-Ibrahimi in order to reach what the modern Argumentation</p> <p>theory discovered in the fact that Al-Badiaa is an effective argumentative tool that cannot be confined to a narrow corner, and we chose Al-Ibrahimi’s articles because he lived in the time of colonialism, which he spent his life calling for to fight it, so was the purpose of Al-Badiaa has only verbal embellishment, or does he have persuasive reasons?</p> 2023-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Role of Professional Ethics in Enhancing the Application of the Algerian Financial Accounting System Principles - A Study of a Sample of Professionals and Academics in Constantine City 2023-07-30T04:05:37+00:00 Filali Hamza, Fennour Houda, Basta Saber. Chebarka mehdi <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study aims to examine the role of professional ethics in enhancing the application of the principles of the Algerian financial accounting system, which allows for the production of accounting information that reflects the true performance and financial position of an economic institution. To address this issue, it was necessary to study the correlation and impact relationship between the variables of professional ethics and the dimensions of the financial accounting system principles. To enhance this understanding, a questionnaire was designed and distributed to the study sample, which consisted of 301 individuals. Using a descriptive-analytical approach, the study yielded several key results, including the significant role of professional ethics in enhancing the application of the financial accounting system principles. Furthermore, the analysis of the study sample's responses revealed that accountants exhibit respect for most laws and regulations that require compliance with professional ethical standards.</p> 2023-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Aesthetics of the formation The Poetic Image at the Lakhder Fellous: An Applied study 2023-08-02T02:03:06+00:00 Ahmed Bessaoud <p><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>The poetic image is considered a means of artistic expression, and something constant in all poems and trends, through which meanings are represented in a new and innovative way, and it is mainly related to the imagination, which is the natural entrance to it; Therefore, the poetic image is the poet's means to show his imaginary faculty, and to formulate his poetic and poetic experiences, to indicate in a constructive dialogue with his worker to direct me, not to convey it in his completed images; Rather, it is to reformulate it according to his inner world.</p> <p>&nbsp;From this given, I will study the patterns of the poetic image of the green poet Floss through his collection (I love you .. not a final confession), indicating its types and how it was formulated, and how it contributed to the formation of his poetic and poetic experiences.?</p> 2023-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Applications of the SPSS statistical analysis program in the field of research and scientific studies 2023-08-02T05:44:49+00:00 Ben Moufki Zine, Kerroum Mohamed <p>This article aims to clarify some of the statistical analyzes provided by the SPSS program in the field of research and scientific studies.</p> <p>We try to identify the stages of descriptive statistics applications, as well as deductive statistics applications for testing differences between arithmetic means through statistics (parametric and no parametric) using SPSS, starting with the process of collecting, analysis, presentation and reading of data according to the nature of the research, leading to accurate and correct results.</p> 2023-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The percentage of the explosive force contribution of young players of football (u16) in the skill of shoot 2023-08-02T05:46:42+00:00 Recham Djamel Eddine,Dahmani Djamel <p>The objective of this study is to determine the percentage of the explosive force contribution of young players of football in the skill of shoot,the researchers used the descriptive method in its associative and analytical methods.However, the research's sample included the amateur sports club Amal Hashimiya (16) players selected from Total of (21) teams which were active at this level. The researchers used both of the explosive force and the power of shoot test. In addition to the statistical package to analyze the results of the study.</p> 2023-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Practicing sports activities to strengthen family relations in society 2023-08-02T05:50:01+00:00 Kerroum Bachir, Ghidi Abdelkader <p>This article aims to highlight the contribution of sports activities to strengthening family ties in society, new studies indicate that doing any type of exercise such as walking, swimming or cycling, this allows people to avoid a lot of trouble inside the house, because of many daily tasks, financial burdens and psychological pressures, married people feel monotonous and bored, Sometimes it negatively affects some relationships, therefore experts in family relations advise to get rid of this routine by doing sports, which has been shown to be effective in adding happiness to married life and other benefits, in this article the researchers tried to analyze the main factors and reasons for the appearance of family problems, as well as highlighting the contributions of the practice of sports activities in strengthening the family relations in society, by providing some statistics provided by specialists .</p> 2023-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Difficulties in achieving the quality of the teaching performance of university professors from their point of view (Field study at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of M'sila) 2023-08-02T12:33:18+00:00 Dr. Rabah Heraiz <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The current study aimed to know the difficulties facing university professors in achieving the quality of teaching performance from their point of view, by answering the following question: What are the difficulties that hinder the achievement of quality of teaching performance among university professors?<br>This study required the use of the descriptive analytical approach, and to achieve the goal, the study sought the opinions of a sample of (20) university professors in the departments of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at M'sila University, who were chosen in a cross-section, during the first semester 2021/2022, and the half-interview was used as a tool for data collection , And conducting dialogues with them in three main axes: the first axis: about the university professor’s perception of the concept of quality of teaching performance, the second axis: about the difficulties that hinder the achievement of the quality of the teaching professor’s performance, and the third axis: it was about ways, and suggestions that enable Bl those difficulties, and the achievement of quality in teaching performance from the perspective of &nbsp;university professors.</p> 2023-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Towards an innocent role in the use of language. . . A reading of the linguistic juncture of Jurgen Habermaz and Axel Honeth. 2023-08-04T09:20:18+00:00 oualid lahoua Hachemi Kechiche <p><strong>Linguistic research has made a great leap when it passes old idealictic which was only concerned in studying the origin of language and its roots. This was achieved after it realises that studying language exceeds the boundaries of its origin to establishing an approach of understanding. And&nbsp; radically moving towards a philosophy of language, thus exceeding epistemology such as hydgers' antoligism and Higels' idealism. Therefore, linguistic research has created an alternative to speech with a linguistic view and a communicative rationalism which seeks to recognizing the other</strong><strong>.</strong></p> 2023-08-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Questioning the problematic of the critical term The term poetic image is a model 2023-08-04T09:24:17+00:00 sata nedjim <p>The research addresses the problematic of the Arabic critical term and its relation to its Western counterpart, and then reveals the trend of the term poetic image that has symbolic/Western origins, works to adapt it within Arabic terminology, and monitors alternative terms for it such as the term artistic image, as the latter led to a critical debate.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The research relied on the descriptive approach based on the mechanisms of analysis and induction. The research also raised several problems, including: Is the crisis that the Arab critical term went through during its contact with the other/the West real or fabricated? Is the term poetic image the only term that can contain the term image artistic?.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> 2023-08-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Investigating the behavior of arsenic during silicide formation using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Rutherford Backscatter Spectrometry (RBS) and Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) in interconnects of new integrated circuit technologies. 2023-08-05T12:08:37+00:00 Mohamed Salah Benlatrech, Omari Tahar, Billel Smaani, Ouafa Boukhemis <p>This paper presents a study on Arsenic behavior during high-temperature silicide production, focusing on sub-microcrystalline titanium. The investigation involved oriented monocrystalline silicon discs implanted with Arsenic through an oxide layer. The results showed strong migration of Arsenic in the titanium silicide, impacting formation kinetics. The study identified various mechanisms contributing to dopant redistribution, such as diffusion in Si, TiSi2, and Ti, evaporation from the titanium surface, and movement of dopants due to interface shifting. The solubility of Arsenic in different phases and segregating coefficients play essential roles in driving these redistribution processes. The findings have significant implications for optimizing CMOS scaling and miniaturization, guiding the development of self-aligned silicide structures to enhance CMOS device performance and support continued socio-economic progress through advanced integrated circuit technologies</p> 2023-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Question of Jealousy and the Horizon of Achieving Coexistence - Current Status and Challenges 2023-08-06T01:18:14+00:00 Lakli Hanane <p>The concept of coexistence or living together is a result of abstract intellectual orientations seeking realistic achievement within ethics that converge and harmonize different perspectives, opinions, and diverse values amid various and conflicting systems in many cases among culturally diverse societies. This underscores the importance of embracing the principle of coexistence with others by first recognizing the self, leading to the realization of mutual respect between the self and others within what is known as the diversity of cultural identities and shared frameworks among individuals or different human groups, regardless of their races, genders, and religions. This calls for coexistence to be achieved through a degree of connection and collaboration despite the challenges and stakes present in today's world.</p> 2023-08-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Radio advertising and rhetorical strategies –a semiotic approach 2023-08-09T05:30:32+00:00 Kadranihakima, Hassani Mohamed <p>This research paper aims to investigate radio advertising as one of the most important ideological discourses that carries an intellectual and cultural impetus for the society addressed to it, as well as reflects its cultural identity. The success of the advertising flash. Since the radio advertising discourse is a fabric of linguistic and non-linguistic signs, the radio advertising makers invoke multiple persuasive strategies in their speeches. From this point of view, we pose the following problem: What are the strategies of persuasion? And what is the extent of their impact on the recipient (the listener).</p> 2023-08-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The "Nietzschean" human-building project 2023-08-09T05:34:06+00:00 Krifif boulanouar, Kadranihakima <p>Man is a mass of concepts with political, economic, social, religious, psychological, and mental dimensions. We can say that he is a reflection of his environment. However, Nietzsche's man is an individualist, who only represents himself and no one else. He has absolute freedom and a powerful will in self-realization and the maker of his destiny. His description is strength based on the struggle of existence and survival of the strongest, his principle is I feel that I exist, the value of his existence in achieving the act of force in life, and strong will is the main engine in the action of his human being, he is that human who achieves the meaning of his existence in word and deed to add value, he is the center of the universe in art High.</p> 2023-08-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Foreign language concept, challenges and opportunities in the context of dialogue and integration 2023-08-14T03:51:22+00:00 Dr. Karima Bouhalouan <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Foreign language learning has become a necesity in various domains nowadays. This concept itself poses real challenges&nbsp; in the run-up to cultural diversity, dialogue and integration.</p> 2023-08-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Effectiveness of Innovative Islamic Financial Products in Enhancing the Profitability of Islamic Banks : A Case Study of Al Salam Bank Algeria 2023-08-17T15:35:10+00:00 Dr. Briki Abla, Dr. Kirouani Lyes <p>This study aims to illustrate the extent to which innovative Islamic financial products can enhance the profitability of Islamic banks. This is achieved by explaining the concept of Islamic financial innovation and its relationship to the profitability of Islamic banks. To examine the role of financial innovation in improving the profitability of Islamic banks, the case study of Salam Bank Algeria was selected as a sample of Islamic banks operating in Algeria that have introduced innovative financial instruments to the market.</p> 2023-08-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Orientalist Artworks to Obliterate the Algerian National Identity During the French occupation 2023-08-19T02:10:06+00:00 Bensenouci kamel <p>The French occupation of Algeria, with its varied landscapes of plains, plateaus, and deserts, made it appealing to Orientalist artists to travel there. Among the most prominent were the (French artist Eugène Delacroix, Étienne Dinet, and Pablo Picasso). They were chosen or commissioned to depict natural subjects and prevalent social aspects within Algerian society to distort and obliterate its national identity which is regarded as a fertile ground for artistic activity, and service to French colonialism.</p> 2023-08-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The relationship between the judiciary and the press- Analytical study of media law 12/05 2023-08-19T02:15:28+00:00 Hafssa Kobibi <p>This study aims to clarify the various aspects of the relationship between the press and the judiciary in Algeria through the media law 12/05, based on an analysis of its articles.</p> <p>The study concluded that the press was linked to the judiciary sector&nbsp; through the Penal Judiciary, administrative and constitutional Judiciary</p> 2023-08-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Humanising Imprisonment Conditions and Their Reflections on the Reality of Prisons in Algeria 2023-08-19T02:22:38+00:00 Dr. Mehdaoui Mohammed Salah, Dr. Nedjet Zaazoua <p>The rights of prisoners constitute one of the most critical issues that have garnered substantial attention from the international community, especially in light of the evolution of punitive ideologies and contemporary penal policies. This has led to the formulation of numerous conventions and international agreements that have recognised and acknowledged the entitlement of prisoners to a variety of rights. These agreements have significantly impacted the conditions experienced by prisoners in Algerian prisons. Consequently, this study aims to shed light on the topic of humanizing imprisonment conditions and upholding prisoners' human dignity. This is considered not only a fundamental right but also a guiding principle that underpins modern penal policies. The study further explores the implications of these principles for the current state of prisons in Algeria</p> 2023-08-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Pre-Islamic Poem in the View of German Orientalism 2023-08-19T10:41:57+00:00 Oussama mehemli <p>There is no doubt that the studies of the German orientalists of the pre-Islamic poem worked on some critical Arab studies on the structure of pre-Islamic poetry on an important issue based on the problem of the composition of poems; What is meant by this was whether the themes of the single poem were consistent and interrelated with each other with a coherent objective unity, or were they disjointed and independent of each other? From here, some German orientalists saw in their studies of pre-Islamic poetry that the Arabic poem lacks an internal structure, and according to this proposition we wanted to clarify the positions of each Orientalists from them, as we can see its validity from its error after the statement of the psychological reference represented in the curricula of their studies of Arab heritage in general and of literature in particular, as we discern the position of Arab criticism regarding their studies of the substantive unity in the pre-Islamic poem</p> 2023-08-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Think Tanks as new channels of influence under Globalization: a definitional Analysis 2023-08-24T01:43:03+00:00 Benammar Imam, Atamna Rachid <p>In a world of interdependent interests, actors and agendas, both&nbsp; internally and externally, the power of ideas that shapes the line of action among states and individuals, and more importantly, major powers with longterm strategies worldwide, is still debated as a new and significant factor for global peaceful interaction, added to other tools of power and influence under our era of globalization. Accordingly, an extensive analysis of such actors at the level of structure and role is widely required in the field of security, strategy and international relations, especially with regard to the policy making process of states and even international organizations in several fields of action</p> 2023-08-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Crossing of Disciplines in the Algerian Secondary Cycle French Exam Context 2023-08-24T01:48:43+00:00 Abdelmalek DJEDIAI, Mounir MILOUDI <p>The development of a cross-disciplinary and multidisciplinary communicative competence in learners, where interdisciplinary knowledge and skills intersect, is one of the stated objectives of the pedagogical project of the Algerian school concerning language teaching and learning, similar to the teaching of French as a Foreign Language (henceforth FFL). Hence, our interest in this study is to inquire: how is this intersection of disciplines integrated into the end-of-secondary-cycle exams, and how could this didactic-pedagogical choice impact the quality of language teaching and learning by establishing connections with various disciplines through the diverse topics addressed in the Baccalaureate examination? Thus, in order to provide some elements of an answer to this question, we undertook this study based on an evaluation framework designed after a meticulous analysis of twenty-three benchmark assessments. As a result of this study, the conclusions point to the fact that several disciplines are taken into consideration to encourage high school students to draw upon various resources to solve the encountered problem situations.</p> 2023-08-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Role of Electronic Games in the Emergence of Aggressive Behavior among adolescent students-A Field Study in Some Secondary Education Institutions in the Provinces of Tizi Ouzou and Boumerdes - 2023-08-24T01:51:35+00:00 A. Haroun Soumicha, A. Aici Aziza <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Play is considered a natural inclination and an important activity that individuals engage in to satisfy their basic needs, whether physical, psychological, mental, or social. It accompanies individuals in various stages of their development and takes on different forms according to their age. Electronic games are among the most significant acquisitions of the information and communication technology revolution, which have gained wide acceptance and popularity among both children and adults. This has sparked extensive debate and varying opinions among researchers about the emergence of certain negative effects as a result of excessive use of electronic games, such as addiction to their use and the appearance of aggressiveness in thinking, emotions, and behavior.</p> 2023-08-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The phenomenon of child paramedics in Algeria between reality and possible solutions 2023-08-24T01:53:18+00:00 Samira Amarouche <p>In recent years, reality indicates an exacerbation of the phenomenon of child medics in Algeria, due to the rapid development that deeply affected the Algerian family, especially the Algerian woman.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study focuses on the reality of the paramedic child in Algerian society, defining the concept of the latter and the view of the Islamic religion towards the paramedic child, as well as clarifying the methods of protection granted by the Algerian state to this category of children, in an attempt to identify possible solutions to this phenomenon.</p> 2023-08-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The relationship of irrational thoughts and future anxiety with attitudes towards illegal immigration among university students. A field study at Mouloud Mamari University - Tamda - Tizi Ouzou state 2023-08-27T00:26:42+00:00 Dr. Malika Aliouane , Dr. Benmoumen Asma <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The current study aimed to find out the relationship of irrational thoughts and future anxiety with attitudes towards illegal immigration among university students. The study concluded that there is a statistically significant correlation between irrational thoughts, future anxiety, and attitudes towards illegal immigration among university students.</p> 2023-08-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 School Learning: From the Question of Control to the Question of Transformation 2023-08-27T00:32:01+00:00 DR. Bouzidi Smail <p>The aims of school learning extend beyond its confines, as long as learning strives to achieve a fundamental goal, which is enabling the learner to apply their acquired knowledge in new contexts and beyond the limited school framework. This perspective is rooted in the constructivist, social, and interactive epistemological model, which serves as a reference for the competency-based approach as an educational strategy in school learning. To frame our topic, we have chosen to address the following question: What do students do with what they have learned in school? This question signifies the transition from asking whether what has been learned is applicable to whether it is actually being applied. It also delves into the significance of achieving practical competence, signifying the shift from a didactic situation to a non-didactic one, passing through a non-didactic situation</p> 2023-08-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Marital Conflicts in the Algerian Family Through the Book " Al-Durar Al-Maknūnah fī Nawāzil Māzūnah " 2023-08-27T00:35:45+00:00 Younes Lakhdar Bennaceur <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study aims to shed light on the issue of marital disputes and conflicts within Algerian families, by highlighting the reasons behind them, including instances where spouses or one of them face coercion, deception, violence, poor treatment, or disagreements over financial matters. The study also examines the resulting reactions from the spouses themselves, as well as the family and societal environment. Additionally, it explores the role of religious scholars (fuqaha) and their contribution in resolving such conflicts.</p> 2023-08-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Psychological Pain in Adolescents Victims of Incest (Clinical Study) 2023-08-27T00:41:42+00:00 Hafsi Souad , Ashouri Sonia , Ben Ismail Rahima <p>This study aims to know the nature of the psychological pain that the adolescent tells of the victim of incest, which is considered one of the topics that is less discussed in Arab and Islamic research, and incest also from traumatic events that leave psychological effects including victim, family and society as a whole. The study used the clinical method by means of the clinical interview and the test of understanding the subject on a purposful sample consisting of three adolescents in the psychological clinic Noor al-Amal in Souk Ahras city and Ibn Rushd Hospital in Annaba. The study showed that these victims tell painful psychological feelings, Of fears and suffering from a sense of responsibility and self-blame.</p> 2023-08-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The conceptual rooting of cultural real estate in the light of international conventions and Algerian legislation 2023-08-27T00:48:26+00:00 Dr. Larbes Samra <p>Every nation possesses a cultural heritage that reflects its civilization and history. Cultural properties hold significant importance for each people as a testament to their cultural legacy, representing their identity and the continuity of their past throughout various eras. This is commonly known as cultural heritage, encompassing both tangible aspects like artifacts, buildings, religious and historical sites, as well as intangible elements like customs, traditions, sciences, arts, and more, passed down from one generation to another. Numerous international conventions and comparative legislations have diligently worked towards safeguarding cultural heritage. Similarly, Algerian legislation, through Law No. 98/04 dated 15/06/1998, concerning the protection of cultural heritage, defines the various types of cultural properties. Among these, immovable cultural properties hold particular significance due to their unique legal ownership system, non-transferability, and their historical significance, cultural value, and specialized legal protection.</p> 2023-08-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Role of Administrators' Competence in Managing Financial Crises in Professional Sports Clubs: A Field Study of Some Algerian Professional Football Clubs (Mobilis First and Second Professional Leagues) 2023-08-27T00:50:42+00:00 Dr. Zinai Billal, Dr. Herti Sidahmed <p>Professional football clubs in Algeria are facing various and diverse sports crises, especially financial ones, despite their transition to professionalism and the substantial support they receive, whether from the government or the private sector. In light of this, clubs require a comprehensive and consistent response in dealing with crises, which may not be achieved without capable managerial leadership that possesses sufficient knowledge and expertise in sports administration and management. Such leadership often resides in the club administrators.</p> 2023-08-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Regulations of Algerian Law for the Construction and Development of Protected Areas within the Constraints of Urban Expansion 2023-08-27T00:58:21+00:00 Wafa Azeddine <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The significant interest in designated protected regions and areas, as stipulated in the Real Estate Direction Law and the Development and Planning Law, is due to various considerations such as historical, cultural, scientific, archaeological, and touristic reasons, as well as for the preservation of animals, plants, agricultural lands, and their protection. This is accomplished through specific legislative provisions that reinforce the general regulations of development and planning, aiming to control and restrict the boundaries of development contracts, licenses, and certificates. The level of protection has reached the point of an outright ban on construction over these areas, given the roles played by each protected zone. Consequently, disputes arise regarding these regions, largely centered around unauthorized construction and the misappropriation of their designated purposes by their users</p> 2023-08-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Brain and Developing the Ability for Learning, Linguistic Thinking, and Creativity - Towards Enhancing the Effectiveness of the Teaching and Learning Processes 2023-08-30T08:21:56+00:00 Fatima Zohra Fechar <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The traditional classroom constrains our thinking strategies and limits our alternative responses. A teacher who insists on using a single teaching method and providing only one correct answer is, in fact, ignorant of the reasons that have preserved the renewal and evolution of the human species. Furthermore, he needs more academic ambition and to be made aware of the adaptive law within the human brain, where understanding the processes of learning and teaching requires knowledge of the brain's functions and operations. Simultaneously, he is trapped in thinking processes that rely on repetition and one specialization.</p> 2023-08-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Connotations and Political Dimensions in the Selection of the Head of State - The Pledge of Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq as a Model 2023-08-30T08:24:13+00:00 Dr. Ali Ghanem, Dr. Baya Benachour, Pr. Saliha Benachour <p>This research falls within the realm of political jurisprudence, focusing on the significant connotations and political dimensions derived from the selection of Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq as a model for the first head of state after the passing of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. It also compares this with contemporary political thought in the field of establishing political legitimacy for rulers and their performance of authority acquired through free popular will.</p> 2023-08-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Exploring the Psychometric Properties of the Algerian Version of Grober & Buschk Test 2023-09-04T04:14:06+00:00 Dr. Hind Ghedhaifi <p>Accurate psychological assessment and diagnosis rely on several facilitating factors, including the availability of tools that assist clinical psychologists, particularly in establishing accurate diagnoses for the disorders they encounter. Consequently, these tools help in finding appropriate solutions and ultimately achieving comfort and mental health for the individual in question. One important tool among these is psychological testing. In our study, we have constructed and standardized the Grober et Buschke test for the Algerian community, with the aim of examining its psychometric properties, such as validity and reliability, as well as its ability to measure the intended constructs. Thus, providing a tool that aids physicians and psychological professionals in facilitating the diagnostic process, especially in memory-related disorders. It is important to adapt tests to the Arab environment to enable professionals to use them with ease. Furthermore, it is necessary to apply the adapted test to a sample of patients to accurately demonstrate its significance.</p> 2023-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Estimating the anxiety of the female delinquent adolescent using Hamilton scale (case study) 2023-09-04T05:57:28+00:00 Fatima Zohra Hadj Kellouf, Hazem Hamani <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study aims at knowing the degree of anxiety of the female delinquent adolescent and how its effect manifests in her life. In so doing, we relied on the clinical method because it is the most suitable for our study. Moreover, we used the case study through the application of Hamilton scale on a sample chosen on purpose. Findings show that:</p> <p>- The female delinquent adolescent generally suffers anxiety.</p> <p>- The psychological anxiety is the most dominating on the female delinquent adolescent.</p> <p>- The psychosomatic anxiety is high for the female delinquent adolescent</p> 2023-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The reality and prospects for the contribution of Halal Tourism in promoting the application of the Islamic economy 2023-09-04T06:01:10+00:00 Bezaze Halima, Kanza Teniou <p>This study aims to identify the reality of halal tourism and its contribution to enhancing the application of the Islamic economy, considering it as one of its essential sectors. The study highlighted the remarkable growth of halal tourism as a new market that attracts a large number of tourists committed to achieving a balance between their religious and spiritual principles and their desire for entertainment and exploring global destinations that meet a set of conditions, most notably halal food, prayer facilities, and other Muslim tourist requirements. The study concluded several findings, the most significant of which is the revival of the halal tourism market after a significant decline due to the COVID-19 pandemic, contributing to a 6% growth in the Islamic economy for the year 2022.</p> 2023-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Swearing of God and the rule of non-fulfillment in the Maliki Madhab 2023-09-04T06:03:32+00:00 Mohammed Mehdi Lakhdar Bennaceur, Yacine Lakhdar Bennaceur <p>In these recent years, people have begun to swear by God a lot, both for great things and also for things that are not important, and we also notice that some merchants swear and lie in order to promote their merchandise and merchandise.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Therefore, this study was in order to clarify the provisions of the oath by God, as well as the provisions in the event that the one who swears by God did not fulfill his promise</p> 2023-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The role of selective attention in oral language acquisition in a sample of hearing-impaired children subject to cochlear implants 2023-09-05T15:13:32+00:00 Dr. Amine Djenane, Dr. Dalila Adda, Pr. Sid ahmed Bara <p>&nbsp;Oral language is one of the biggest challenges for hearing-impaired children undergoing cochlear implants, as the goal of cochlear implantation is to enable this group to acquire oral language, and mature linguistically and cognitively to catch up with the rest of their natural peers. Since language acquisition is the result of a set of factors, including different cognitive processes, including selective attention, this is what made us highlight in this paper the role of selective attention in oral language acquisition among a sample of hearing-impaired children undergoing cochlear implants, on a sample of 05 cases of hearing-impaired primary school students undergoing cochlear implants in two primary schools in the municipality of Hadjout, Tipaza Governorate, Algeria Using two data collection tools such as the oral language test ELO Abdul Hamid Khomsi and the Stroop Selective Attention Test. This study showed that Selective attention disorder leads to difficulties in oral language. The study concluded to expand the sample to a larger number, and to the necessity of conducting a comprehensive routine psychological and orthophonical examination from time to time for children with cochlear implants in schools, and even for the rest of the integrated children who suffer from disabilities and other disorders</p> 2023-09-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Television and its effect on the upbringing of children 2023-09-05T15:15:27+00:00 Bensaada Hanane <p>I've come up with a set of studies that addressed the impact of television on children's upbringing that Child more and faster influenced by television compared to its impact on adults, so we find the children gathered in front of him, leaving their seats when viewing an interesting article and sitting on the ground nearby, attuned incidence Displays characters impersonation, imitators of many transactions that they see, many studies in different countries of the world that the average child spends aged six to sixteen years before the small screen as 12-24 hours per week</p> 2023-09-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 THE ASYMMETRIC IMPACT OF GREEN FINANCE ON THE ECONOMIC DIMENSION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DURING THE PERIOD (2014Q1-2022Q4): AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF THE CASE OF BANGLADESH 2023-09-05T15:17:11+00:00 Hichem Talhi, Bouchentouf Moulay Mostapha <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In the face of urgent environmental challenges and the increasing need for sustainable development, green financing has emerged as a potential solution to address both environmental and economic concerns. This empirical study focuses on examining the asymmetric impact of green financing on the economic dimension of sustainable development in Bangladesh over the period from the first quarter of 2014 to the fourth quarter of, using Nonlinear Autoregressive Distributed Lag (NARDL) models and Wald test. The hypothesis of nonlinearity in the impact of green financing on the economic dimension of sustainable development in both the short and long terms was verified. Short-term estimation results indicate that growth rates respond only to positive values of green financing, where an increase in the latter leads to short-term growth. Conversely, an increase in green financing also positively affects long-term growth rates with an estimated elasticity of 0.47%. However, negative values in green financing have a negative impact on economic growth rates in Bangladesh in the long term</p> 2023-09-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The orthophonic treatment of executive functions in patients with Parkinsonism symptoms 2023-09-05T15:19:45+00:00 Reddaf Khaoula, Mahrez Abla <p>This study aims to reveal the methods of modern artefactual support of executive functions in patients with Parkinsonism symptoms, in the sense that most of the difficulties recorded in patients with Parkinsonism symptoms can be understood from the perspective of disorders of executive functions.&nbsp; Which is a degenerative neurological disease that affects many executive functions such as the function of the palm, planning and mental flexibility, which makes them suffer from difficulty in achieving these functions.&nbsp; However, appropriate support and rehabilitation helps them improve daily life, self-development, independence and social interaction.&nbsp; This can only be achieved by developing modern programs and methods that are based on solid theoretical foundations.</p> 2023-09-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The importance of applying Islamic financial engineering products in achieving stability of the global financial system, with reference to the financial crisis of 2008 2023-09-05T15:21:21+00:00 Sotehi Djaber , Zeghbid Nassim Lotfi <p>The global financial crisis with its imbalances on the international financial system gives confirmation that the financial products used are very risky and complex because of its opposition to moral values. This has financial specialists to look for other safer financial products to avoid such a crisis in the nearest future. the nearest future. From this came the present study, which focuses on the aspects of Islamic financial engineering, as well as the objectives and legitimate controls, highlighting the most important products that will help, ensure the stability of the international financial system</p> 2023-09-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Reality and memories Novel Death in Oran for El Habib Essayeh as a sample 2023-09-05T15:23:54+00:00 Toumi Hicham <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This novel woven its events from all that is sad and heartbreaking in an escalating dramatic way that revealed a biography of the city of Oran and of the characters who played different roles, and it stood on many details in the lives of simple and ordinary people. presented to the recipient? What are the patterns of presenting the place and how is it linked to the events in its formation and intertwining with the rest of the components? The importance of this research is also highlighted in that it presents a reading of a contemporary novel that employed the space of the city and made it an essential component of it, while it was absent in many creative works or appeared faint and vague in many cases.</p> 2023-09-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Necessity is a starting point for producing discourse 2023-09-05T15:26:33+00:00 Mahfoudi Salima <p>The concept of presupposition has raised a wide debate among philosophers, grammarians, and linguistics. It differed in determining its nature between three basic positions; the first position sees that the presupposition is a semantic phenomenon, because it is considered part of the meaning’s sentence. While the second position imagines that the presupposition is pragmatic phenomenon that is not related to the semantics of the sentence, but rather is related to the meaning of the utterance. The third position believes that the presupposition is merely a deductive process that helps us in interpreting the utterances.</p> 2023-09-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Marital violence against the wife from the perspective of Islamic law 2023-09-05T15:28:34+00:00 Boukhalfi Amel <p>This paper seeks to illustrate the phenomenon of marital violence against the wife and how the law deals with this issue by revealing the meaning of this phenomenon in the sharia, highlighting its most important manifestations and forms, distinguishing it from disciplinary cases, and identifying the most important and prominent solutions necessary and the effective methods and treatments with which Islamic law dealt with this issue.The research concluded that Islam has always endeavored to combat the separation between spouses by offering various remedial solutions to all negative phenomena in the marriage relationship, including various remedial solutions to the phenomenon of marital violence against the wife, in order to preserve the family and its entity.</p> 2023-09-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 FACTORS AFFECTING SUSTAINABLE LOGISTICS DEVELOPMENT IN THANH HOA PROVINCE, VIETNAM 2023-09-06T07:54:38+00:00 Nguyen Thi Nhung <p>In the context of globalization and the Fourth Industrial Revolution, logistics is an important factor in performing the strategy of sustainable development of the Northern Centre in the current and future. Research has shown a mechanism of positive relation of logistics on sustainable development of the Northern Centre through a positive impact on three components: (i) stable economic growth; (ii) Ensuring social equity and (iii) Ensuring a living environment.</p> 2023-09-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ENHANCING THE QUALITY OF HIGH-QUALITY HUMAN RESOURCE TRAINING: A STUDY IN THE MARKETING SECTOR IN VIETNAM 2023-09-06T07:58:09+00:00 Le Ngoc Dung, Tran Tuan Anh <p>In recent years, with a high economic growth rate, Vietnam has surpassed the threshold of poor and underdeveloped countries, achieving a remarkable accomplishment. The significant role of human resources cannot be denied in contributing to this success. Numerous studies have indicated that the "quality of human resources" is a decisive factor in the success or failure of businesses and the overall economy. The strong development of international economic integration has posed new demands on high-tech human resources in general, and particularly in the field of Marketing. However, the current workforce in the Marketing sector is both deficient in quantity and lacking in quality.</p> 2023-09-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 SERVICE MARKETING FOR ENHANCING EDUCATIONAL QUALITY AT UNIVERSITIES: A STUDY IN VIETNAM 2023-09-06T08:01:48+00:00 Nguyen Van Dung Bui Phuong Nhung Chu Lam Son Nguyen Van Hach <p>Service marketing, widely applied in business, is increasingly being adopted in the field of education, particularly in higher education. This is essential in the context of commercializing higher education and global education competition. This study delves into understanding the application of service marketing in education at universities. The research results reveal that the university has utilized all service marketing tools in its educational service marketing activities, including product, pricing, place/distribution, promotion, people, physical evidence, and process, to enhance enrollment and elevate the university's brand in the context of autonomous enrollment and comprehensive quality enhancement and branding efforts. Additionally, the study identifies the strengths and limitations in the university's educational service marketing activities.</p> 2023-09-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN THE FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION: A STUDY IN VIETNAM 2023-09-06T08:06:17+00:00 Bui Ba Hieu, Tran Tuan Anh <p>As economies of various countries are being constructed on open economic platforms, the participation of multiple economic components, including foreign enterprises or distributors engaging in domestic markets, can lead to the influence of foreign markets on the domestic market. The impact of foreign enterprises, proportional to the share of foreign businesses in the general economy and trade activities, will yield diverse effects on an economy, resulting in various transformations. Hence, for Vietnam, how has international trade influenced the nation and what international trade policies has Vietnam implemented?</p> 2023-09-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Depression among adolescent girls attending secondary school (A Comparative Study between Female Adolescent Residing in Campus and Commuter Students) 2023-09-08T10:16:11+00:00 Dr. Mokadem Safia <p>The current study aimed to identify the differences in the degree of depression among adolescent girls residing within the secondary campus and commuter students. The comparative descriptive approach was used, where the "Beck" depression scale was applied to (100) adolescents who were randomly selected. The results found that there were statistically significant differences between adolescent girls residing within the secondary campus and others residing outside the secondary campus inasmuch as the degree of depression is concerned.</p> 2023-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Phraselogical Diversity in Press Headlines: Aesthetic of Journalistic Writing 2023-09-08T10:23:47+00:00 Dr. Amarni Asma <p>This article examines the phraselogical diversity present in press headlines. The main objective is to analyze how fixed expressions from various language registers are used in constructing journalistic headlines and what the communicative functions of this practice are. The study highlights how the mixture of fixed expressions from domains such as religious, economic, legal, scientific, and others is employed to create appealing and captivating headlines. Furthermore, the article explores how the choice of fixed expressions and their incorporation into headlines achieves stylistic, persuasive, and aesthetic objectives, while also reflecting the journalist's ideological stance</p> 2023-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The cultural upbringing of the Arab child in light of the new changes 2023-09-08T10:27:43+00:00 Bahoun Ali Said <p>Building a child's cultural identity is considered the cornerstone of the</p> <p>development process for societies that seek well-being and progress for their children. It is a preparation for the future and an industry for it through the generations of tomorrow. This future depends on the upbringing process, the extent of care given to it, and the type of basic orientations it takes.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In light of an accelerated and comprehensive global digital trend, several challenges have emerged in the cultural upbringing of the Arab child, which required the formulation of regulating standards for the cultural content directed to children, which is what the study seeks by examining the challenges of building cultural identity, and then discussing the problems of Arab cultural discourse directed at children in The shadow of the digital wave</p> 2023-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Applications of the Linguistic Textbook to Modern Arabic Literary Discourse - An Analytical and Descriptive Study 2023-09-08T10:30:37+00:00 Djelikhi Belkacem <p>We decided to select a specific blog for our research from Algerian literary heritage and conduct a modern study using the analytical approach. Through this, we aim to demonstrate the coherence and textual interconnection that characterize Algerian literature. This blog is represented by the texts of Mohamed Bashir El-Ibrahimi in his book "Al-Athar" (The Traces). We specifically chose this blog because it represents an Algerian heritage left to us by Mohamed Bashir El-Ibrahimi. Furthermore, it contains linguistic secrets and intellectual treasures, especially in the realm of language. The choice of textual analysis is based on its alignment with the study of literary texts. This study attempts to approach the texts in the light of textual linguistics, by revealing the mechanisms that have been applied to them and investigating the methods that contributed to their construction. We have reached a number of conclusions where the textual nature of Algerian literary texts is achieved through the interaction with other texts and their alignment with similar texts. The contextualization also played a significant role in establishing a solid entity for the construction of the blog. It has played an important role in achieving coherence and a strong interconnection within the text</p> 2023-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 QUALITY OF ROOM SERVICE AT NAM CUONG HOTEL IN HAI DUONG, VIETNAM 2023-09-10T05:38:26+00:00 Pham Van Hoang, Vu Thi Nhung <p>The article presents fundamental theories about the quality of room service in the hotel system and the factors influencing the quality of room service in the hotel system. It focuses on analyzing and providing evaluations of the current state of room service quality at Nam Cuong Hotel in Hai Duong. Consequently, it offers some recommendations to improve the quality of room service at Nam Cuong Hotel in Hai Duong. The research subjects are convenience standards, facility standards, hygiene standards, courteous and attentive standards, and safety standards. The research methods include the approach method, data collection, and comparative analysis method. The research results show that enhancing the quality of room service is of utmost importance and should be consistently maintained by the housekeeping department. Improving the quality of room service equates to improving the overall quality of hotel services.</p> 2023-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a potential new parameter independent of blood pressure at the time of measurement for arterial stiffness estimation 2023-09-12T11:07:23+00:00 Lilia Radjef, Tahar Omari , Karim Baiche <p>The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a robust predictor of cardiovascular events. An innovative, non-invasive approach to measuring arterial stiffness. The (CAVI) approach was developed to overcome the limitations of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), the gold standard indicator of arterial stiffness. The present study aims to propose a new algorithm to calculate the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) parameter from Pulse Wave Database (PWDB), that contains the pulse waves of 500 virtual subjects aged between 25 and 75 years, generated from cardiovascular characteristics. The results obtained are promising in terms of sensitivity (SEN) and accuracy (ACC). The sensitivity values are (95.18 %, 95.71%, 92.70 %, 90.33%, 89.28%, and 89.05%), and accuracy (ACC) are (91%, 89.4%, 86.4 %, 80.4%, 80 %, and 81.4%) for normal values of (CAVI, cf-PWV, a-PWV, PPamp, AIx, and ABI) respectively. We confirmed the value of (CAVI) as an indicator of cardiovascular disease by investing the relationship between (CAVI) and several parameters of arterial stiffness including carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV, r=0.66), arterial stiffness index (AIx, r=0.72), and aortic pulse wave velocity (a-PWV, r=0,96). Pulse pressure amplification showed a negative correlation (PPamp, r=-0.67). A moderate negative correlation was observed with ankle brachial index (ABI, r=-0.38). A weak dependence on different blood pressures at the time of measurement was confirmed, by the coefficients of determination r<sup>2 </sup>(systolic SBP, 0.08, diastolic DBP, 0.11, mean MBP, 0.10, and pulsed pressures PP, 0.16). The influence of age on arterial stiffness was found with a strong positive correlation between age and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI, r=0.88).</p> 2023-09-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 "The Colonizability of African and Asian Societies from the Perspective of Malek Bennabi (Historical Insights)" 2023-09-16T06:13:46+00:00 Ahmed Jaafri <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study aims to attempt to formulate a conceptual understanding of the Islamic thinker Malek Bennabi's perspective on the colonial phenomenon, its dimensions in time and space, its consequences, and its effects on African and Asian countries and societies to this day, especially in the mental and behavioral aspects. It highlights the differences in the impact of colonialism between the African and Asian worlds and ways to overcome it. This is achieved by presenting some solutions and recommendations for addressing these consequences through a critical reading of some of Malek Bennabi's texts on the colonial phenomenon</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 A smart contract is an autonomous contract. 2023-09-16T06:28:06+00:00 Mahammedi Abdelkhalak, Khelkhal Maroua <p>Technological advancement has led to a revolution in the world of communications, software, and computing, making technology tools perform human functions. One of the prominent aspects of this is known as smart contracts. These are contracts programmed automatically, encompassing all contract terms and having automatic execution. The role of the contracting parties is limited to their willingness and agreement to the contract, and thereafter, the contract itself, especially its execution, is performed automatically. Smart contracts are contracts based on computer programming, meaning they are formulated in the form of code within a computer program. This makes smart contracts self-contained, not requiring the legal formalities of traditional contracting.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The important role played by the media in reducing the phenomenon of violence in the health sector 2023-09-16T06:35:09+00:00 Dounia Khemnou, Aissa Moussa <p>This study aimed to reveal the important role played by the media in reducing the phenomenon of violence in the health sector, as the latter possesses various technological characteristics and capabilities that help it influence the cognitive, emotional and behavioral field of the individual.</p> <p>And since it is possible to exploit this great influence of the media on the behavior of the individual to confront violence in all its forms (physical and verbal), we will show how a media strategy can be built capable of developing social values that reject violence in the health milieu and call for dialogue and communication between members of society when dealing with each other, especially If there is integration and consistency between these means.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Muslim women's issues in the interests of the Algerian reform movement press 1925-1939 2023-09-16T06:47:28+00:00 Dr. MIAD RACHID <p>In this scholarly contribution, we aim to shed light on various issues concerning Algerian Muslim women as addressed by the prominent newspapers of the reformist movement in Algeria during the period from 1925 to 1939. This timeframe coincides with the outbreak of World War II. The issue of Algerian women was notably raised by reformist figures through the various newspapers they published, driven by the circumstances of colonial domination under which Algerian women found themselves.</p> 2023-09-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Psychological Effects of Patriarchy and Female Decentralization in Barbara Wood's Novel Virgins of Paradise 2023-09-21T06:21:56+00:00 Farouq Rezq Bekhit Sayyid <p>The present paper offers a critical feminist reading of the American novelist Barbara Wood's bestselling novel <em>Virgins of Paradise</em> (1993). It aims at analyzing Wood's novel in light of feminist criticism demonstrated particularly in works by Chandra Mohanty, Fatima Mernissi, and Daphne Grace and their theory of patriarchy. The analysis of this novel motivates one to infer how patriarchy is engineered by the male to subdue and decentralize the female by treating the latter as if she were a sexed being, or rather the inessential other. In order to achieve this objective, Wood sets up a narrative vision in terms of which she portrays how patriarchs marginalize and subordinate women. Hence, the very objective of the paper is to argue that the subordination of women is the leitmotif in Wood's <em>Virgin of Paradise</em>. In order to depict such a dominant motif, i.e., how women suffer from patriarchal segregation, Wood composes a feminist vision that brings into prominence the power-structured relationships designed by the male to create an imbalance of power that subordinates the female. This paper is also meant to explore the reasons behind the birth of patriarchy as well as motivating women to stand against patriarchal programming, which seems to have marginalized women since the beginning of human history. Such is the patriarchal agenda which has driven Wood to point out how patriarchy does not only minimize the status of women, but also instill into culture that they are not humans.</p> 2023-09-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The Algerian University And The Entrepreneurial Orientation Challenge : Entrepreneurial Education And Entrepreneurial Accompaniment – The Experience Of Abd El Hamid Mehri University Constantine2- 2023-09-24T02:44:59+00:00 Allali Ibtissem, Tolba Sabrina <p>The study aims to explore how Algerian universities enhance students' entrepreneurial orientation through entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial accompaniment. It focuses on the experience of Abd El Hamid Mehri Constantine University 2 and uses personal interviews with those in charge of entrepreneurial accompaniment structures. The study concludes that Algerian universities promote entrepreneurial orientation by offering entrepreneurial education using the entrepreneurship scale to foster an entrepreneurial culture and provide necessary human capital. Additionally, they provide entrepreneurial accompaniment through entrepreneurial houses, university business incubators, and innovation and technology support centers, aiming to equip students with essential knowledge and skills, support their projects, and increase project success rates and continuity</p> 2023-09-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Cognitive Psychological Study of Articulatory Therapy Programs in the Context of the Coronavirus Pandemic in Algeria Dysphasia Disorder as a Model 2023-09-24T02:47:10+00:00 Dr. Amel Amrani , Dr. Ameur Berrabah , Bouhadiba Hayatte, Nennouche Soria <p>This cognitive psychological study aimed to investigate the role of articulatory therapy in treating dysphasia during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study focused on a sample of four randomly selected dysphasic children. A case study methodology was applied, and the research utilized the following tools: selected items from the Orientation, Judgment, and Language Test (OJL) and a custom-designed parent questionnaire. The results were subjected to quantitative analysis, revealing a decrease in the effectiveness of therapy for this specific group during the COVID-19 pandemic.</p> 2023-09-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Attitudes of educational institutions principals towards the process of guidance and school counseling and its relationship to the performance of guidance counselors- A field study in some Jijel institutions- 2023-09-24T02:55:25+00:00 Dr. Hanan Bashta <p>This research paper aims to know the attitudes of principals of educational institutions towards the process of guidance and school counseling and its relationship to the performance of guidance counselors. The field study was conducted in some educational institutions in the wilaya of Jijel. The descriptive analytical approach was used for its suitability for the study, and a set of statistical methods such as arithmetic average and standard deviation were adopted using spss program.&nbsp; Two questionnaires were prepared for this study, and were distributed to the principals of educational institutions (middle and secondary). The actual study sample consisted of (60) principals. The first questionnaire is for the attitudes of principals of the educational institutions towards educational guidance, and the second questionnaire is devoted to evaluating the performance of the educational counselor</p> 2023-09-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Job Training and Its Role in Enhancing the Productivity of Economic Institutions - A Case Study of Naftal Company (Algeria), "Médéa" Branch 2023-09-27T06:05:39+00:00 Abdelkader Mouzaoui, Imane Zouarqui <p>Job training is considered a fundamental topic in our present era, occupying the top priorities of many advanced and developing countries alike. It is regarded as one of the key elements of development adopted by these institutions to build a capable workforce capable of facing current and future pressures and challenges</p> 2023-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Preventive measures and legal mechanisms to combat hate speech according to Algerian Law No. 20/05 dated April 8, 2020 2023-09-27T06:08:31+00:00 Yahiaoui Laala <p>Hate speech was, until recently, a phenomenon relatively foreign to Algerian society due to its unity. However, the Algerian legislator took the initiative to enact Law No. 20/05 dated April 8, 2020, specifically addressing the prevention and combat of discrimination and hate speech to protect society from this criminal behavior, especially in response to urgent calls to address it by establishing more precise and clear standards. This issue regained prominence at the beginning of 2020 due to the absence of strong legal provisions. Law 20/05 subsequently emerged, along with a framework for prevention and combat, as part of the 2020 Constitution, which included a range of preventive measures, legal mechanisms, and means of combating hate speech</p> 2023-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 L’enseignement à distance du français langue étrangère postpandémie Covid19 à l’université de Blida 2 : retour d’expérience 2023-09-30T12:08:35+00:00 MAKHLOUF Leila <p>Since the Covid19 pandemic, e-education has become essential in all Algerian universities who have switched from traditional face-to-face teaching to digital teaching via the Moodle educational platform. This article sheds light on the extension of this new mode of teaching at the University of Blida 2 after the return to presential mode since 2021. The aim of this study is to examine the opinions of teachers and students of French language foreign on the use of this method of teaching/learning after the end of the confinement linked to the Covid-19 pandemic. To do this, two written questionnaires were distributed to the public concerned. It appears that teachers are more favorable than students to the application of this new teaching/learning process. However, several obstacles are highlighted&nbsp;: difficulty of connecting and accessing to the Moodle platform, limited technological skills, reduced attention and motivation of students, interaction problems and disrupted teaching practices.</p> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 LES NOUVELLES TECHNOLOGIES: QUEL APPORT DANS LE DEVELOPPEMENT DE LA COMPETENCE SCRIPTURALE? CAS DES APPRENANTS EN PREMIERE ANNEE SECONGAIRE 2023-09-30T12:16:33+00:00 BENZOUAI Abderrazak <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The act of writing is an omnipresent activity in FFL classes and a complex challenge requiring knowledge and skills by calling on numerous knowledge and abilities. Learning through the practice of new technologies can offer new learning situations and the most innovative teaching approaches. Their integration, by both teachers and learners, therefore needs to be looked at closely and better analyzed.</p> <p>This study is part of the didactics of writing and information and communication technologies for teaching and is based on the results of an empirical experiment and a survey which aim to demonstrate whether teaching - learning incorporating new technologies can help learners in the first year of secondary school to develop their writing skills in FFL.</p> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Human capital at the heart of sustainable development in Algeria 2023-09-30T12:25:14+00:00 Dr. DJEDDI Sarah , Dr. CHADLIA Amel <p>The objective of our work is to demonstrate the contribution of human capital in sustainable development. Our study is spread over a period of 22 years, it aims to test the effect of several explanatory variables relating to the development of human capital on certain factors of sustainable development, namely: gross domestic saving, CO2 emission and a third factor measuring the percentage of the population in urban areas, which we have integrated into our empirical model; referring to multiple regression models on panel data.</p> 2023-09-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Self-esteem of obese women practicing physical activity and sport: a case study 2023-10-01T01:11:11+00:00 Kouache Mounira <p>It is undeniable that both physical and mental healths are two sides of the same coin, with each influencing the other. Psychological disorders, varying in their severity, can lead to physical illnesses, and vice versa, physical ailments can contribute to the development of mental health disorders. In this regard, we wanted to shed light on the modern-day disease known as obesity, which is accompanied by health problems that can be chronic and have a distorted impact on the individual's body, affecting their psychological well-being and personality. This can expose them to bullying and harassment.</p> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Textual equivalence in translation between language and discourse 2023-10-01T01:15:02+00:00 Farida Benfedda <p>The aim of this paper is to define the concept of textual equivalence in translation from the perspective of both linguists and translators. The importance of this research topic lies in presenting a clear and accurate picture of this concept, which took other dimensions, especially with the development of linguistic theories, and the development of translation theories at the theoretical and applied levels, and thus trying to highlight the concept of textual equivalence in the translation process, in terms of the variation of the concept between the language and the discourse. And because its importance is reflected in being a measure of the success or failure of translation.</p> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Evaluate the performance of physical education and sports teachers who are characterized by strong motivational skills and its impact on the behaviors of university students 2023-10-01T01:18:33+00:00 Laidani Fouad, Benyoub Abdela Ali <p>The objective of this research is to carry out an evaluation study on teachers of physical education and sports in the institutes of eastern Algeria, and precisely will evaluate the performance of teachers of PSE who are characterized by strong motivational skills, by dividing the project into two chapters the first and theoretical the second and for the practical study.</p> <p>indeed, my subject is the subject of importance among researchers from several countries of the world and with us in Algeria the same thing, because education is a sensitive sector in society and which affects all human categories from primary level to university level.</p> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The status of the horse in the algerian social psyche 2023-10-01T01:20:10+00:00 Dr. Moussa Ismail Chamakhi <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; My study came to answer a group of questions related to horses and algerian societal values, since the relationship is rooted in the history of between them, The horse became purebred thanks to the skilled rider, taking horsemanship٫ Where they were together as a cultural duo a moral and material heritage that distinguished us as arabs in general and algerians in particular from the rest of the various societies, and made many of them call for the necessity of benefiting from the experiences of arabs and algerians, such as the french general "dumas", who was amazed by the skills of our ancestors in dealing with horses, and was a true servant of his colonial ideology, which makes us certain. The study of horses in anthropology goes beyond mere fantasy or folklore, to being an important part of our algerian sociocultural heritage, Which led me to address the study in four important axes:</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; - Horses in our religious anthropology.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; - Horses in Arab culture.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; - Western view of algerian equestrianism.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; - Horses in algerian folk heritage.</p> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Steps for Applying Content Analysis Technique in Sociological Research 2023-10-01T01:23:11+00:00 BOUALI Wassila, LAIDANI Messaoud <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The issue of choosing the appropriate technique for collecting data related to the chosen topic of study is one of the important challenges facing researchers in sociology during fieldwork. At this stage, the researcher must verify the validity or invalidity of hypotheses and choose the suitable method among others, depending on the nature of the topic, research objectives, and the type of methodology used (quantitative or qualitative). The researcher's ability to apply the chosen technique or a set of techniques in the research also plays a crucial role. Researchers might opt for a technique they believe will be easy to apply, sometimes disregarding the selection criteria</p> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Stress tests as a modern method to achieve financial stability - Studying the Omani experience during the Covid-19 crisis- 2023-10-01T01:27:40+00:00 Ali Djekrif, Fatma Hallouz, Samir Ammari, Faiza Chaieb <p>This study aimed to analyze the role of stress tests in measuring the ability of Omani banks to withstand the shocks resulting from the negative repercussions of the Corona epidemic, in accordance with the procedures and measures taken by the Central Bank of Oman during the crisis. In addition to the stress tests applied to the Omani banking sector according to different scenarios.</p> <p>The study concluded that the Omani banking system is still generally able to withstand shocks and high risks. The results indicate that local banks will absorb losses comfortably under moderate aggregate stress scenarios, as the capital adequacy ratio of local banks will decrease from its current level of 18.1% to 15.3%. Banks will also maintain the ratio of capital to risk-weighted assets at a level exceeding Basel requirements of 10.5%, according to severe stress scenarios. The results also showed that bank loans were of high quality, as the percentage of non-performing loans remained at low levels, as the reverse stress test showed that the current total non-performing loans at local banks may increase by at least 100% before the minimum ratio of capital to weighted assets is breached. risks with local banks. In addition, banks enjoy acceptable liquidity and the necessary flexibility to withstand potential shocks to local liquidity, as they have comfortable liquidity rates compared to international standards</p> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 The level of implementation of international professional standards by primary school teachers in Constantine. 2023-10-01T01:31:26+00:00 KHAOULA ZIANI, AMINA MOUSLI, AHMED DAOUDI, RIAD ZERROUGUI <p>This study aimed to identify the application of international professional standards by primary school teachers working in educational institutions in the state of Constantine, as well as to measure the differences between teachers in the extent of their performance of these standards according to demographic variables (age, gender). Academic qualification, work experience, degree). The study relied on the analytical descriptive approach, as (100) questionnaires were distributed to them.</p> <p>The study found a high level of implementation of international professional standards by primary school teachers working in the state of Constantine. It also showed that there were no statistically significant differences in the extent to which primary school teachers applied international professional standards in the state of Constantine, and a series of recommendations were reached that enable policy makers who hire teachers to benefit from this field.</p> 2023-09-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023