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This paper aims to describe the results of needs analysis of social science teaching materials in elementary schools based on Lampung culture. The main of study in this article include: 1) the needs of teachers and students regarding social studies teaching materials based on local culture in elementary schools; and 2) needs analysis phase, and literature and drafting textbooks developed. The design used in this study is research and development. Data collection was carried out by distributing questionnaires to primary teacher education students and lectures of STKIP PGRI Bandar Lampung as well as literature study in drafting teaching materials. The results of the study show that: 1) Lectures and students need Social Sciences teaching materials based of Lampung culture that are used in learning; 2) The draft social studies textbook based on Lampung culture for elementary students was prepared based on an analysis of the needs of students and lecturers. Thus, social studies teaching materials in elementary schools based on Lampung culture are absolutely necessary.
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