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The research dealt with a certain group of people of the society who are people with
special needs and their intergovernmental laws, legislation, decisions, and controls
and addressing cases of enabling them to perform their duties while addressing their
rights within the principles of human rights in accordance with standards and
measurements designed for their purposes by international organizations, starting with
the definition according to the Special Needs Convention of the year 2001 and the
Optional Protocol of 2012 and in accordance with the European and American
Federations, with reference to Iraqi laws and legislation.
Therefore, the vision and concept of people with special needs differ among
doctors from that of educators or even community service providers, where each of
them looks at the subject from a special point of view according to the science
concerned with it, but there is general agreement that this term was used as a
designation for a group of people who are unable to live normally, without providing
their special care as a result of permanent intellectual, neurological, sensory, or
physical deficiencies, or a combination of these conditions, as well as their need for a
service that is superior to the service provided to their peers of the same age, and it is
preferable to use this term as an alternative to the term handicapped.
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