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Sudan was subjected to the British-Egyptian dual occupation in 1898, and the Mahdist state, which was founded by Muhammad Ahmad Al-Mahdi, was eliminated, and the occupation practiced hostile practices towards the Mahdi's family, and the colonialist aimed in this so that the Mahdi's sons would not revolt and avenge their father and their state. These practices led to the killing of two sons. The Mahdi denied the other, and only Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi remained, and he was at that young age, but the qualities that Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi characterized since his early childhood and his determination to liberate his country, the Sudanese people’s trust in him being the legitimate heir of the Mahdist state, and the achievements of the Mahdist state in the national struggle against the colonizer, And his hereditary readiness for leadership qualified him to lead his people in that era, and he marched his country towards independence by adopting peaceful jihad.
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